CHAPTER 52 ‑ VETERINARY DIVISION

 

SUBCHAPTER 52A ‑ RULES AND REGULATIONS ADOPTED BY REFERENCE

 

SECTION .0100 - ADOPTIONS BY REFERENCE

 

02 NCAC 52A .0101         UNIFORM RULES AND METHODS: TUBERCULOSIS

The document entitled "Uniform Methods and Rules for Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication" as published by the United States Department of Agriculture is incorporated by reference, including subsequent amendments and editions.  Copies may be obtained at no charge from the United States Department of Agriculture website at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/nahps/tb/tb-umr.pdf.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑348;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 2005;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

02 NCAC 52A .0102         POULTRY requirements

(a)  The "National Poultry Improvement Plan and Auxiliary Provisions," codified as Title 9, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 145 and 147, is incorporated by reference, including subsequent amendments and editions.  Copies of these materials may be obtained at no charge from the United States Government Printing Office at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/cfr/index.html.

(b)  The document entitled "Prevention and Control of H5 and H7 Low Pathogenicity Avian Influenza in the Live Bird Market System," published by the United States Department of Agriculture, is incorporated by reference, including subsequent amendments and editions.  Copies of this document may be obtained at no charge from the office of the State Veterinarian in the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 2005;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0103         UNIFORM METHODS AND RULES: BRUCELLOSIS

The document entitled "Uniform Methods and Rules for the Eradication of Brucellosis" as published by the United States Department of Agriculture is incorporated by reference, including subsequent amendments and editions.  Copies may be obtained at no charge from the United States Department of Agriculture website at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/nahps/brucellosis/umr_bovine_bruc.pdf.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 2005;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0104         MEAT FACILITIES REQUIREMENTS

The "Federal Facilities Requirements for Existing Meat Plants," as published by the United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, including subsequent amendments and editions, are hereby incorporated by reference.  Copies of this material may be obtained from the Meat and Poultry Inspection Service at no cost.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.22;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 1998;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0105         POULTRY FACILITIES REQUIREMENTS

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑540; 150B‑14;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Repealed Eff. July 1, 1998.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0106         CONSTRUCTION OF MEAT PLANTS

The volume entitled "United States Meatpacking Plants: A Guide to Construction, Equipment and Layout," Agriculture Handbook No. 570, as published by the United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, including subsequent amendments and editions, are hereby incorporated by reference.  Copies of this material may be obtained from the Meat and Poultry Inspection Service at no cost.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.22;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 1998;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0107         LABELING MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS

The volume entitled "Standards and Labeling Policy Book," as published by the United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety Inspection Service, Standards and Labeling Division, including subsequent amendments and editions, are hereby incorporated by reference.  Copies of this material may be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, at a cost of ninety-eight dollars ($98.00).

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.22;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 1998;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0108         SANITATION HANDBOOK

02 NCAC 52A .0109         INSPECTION MANUAL

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.22;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 1998;

Repealed Eff. April 1, 2003.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0110         MINIMUM STANDARDS

The rules of this Section, as adopted by reference, shall be deemed to be minimum standards and the areas regulated shall be subject to more stringent or differing requirements as outlined in this Chapter.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑348; 106‑396; 106‑539; 106‑540; 106‑549.22; 150B‑14;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0111         PSEUDORABIES PROGRAM

The document entitled Pseudorabies Eradication Program Standards, published by the United States Department of Agriculture, is incorporated by reference, including subsequent amendments and editions.  Copies of this document may be obtained from the website of the United States Department of Agriculture at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/nahps/pseudorabies/prv-prgm-std.pdf.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.3; 106‑307.5; 106-400.1;

Eff. December 1, 1989;

Amended Eff. July 1, 2005;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52A .0112         uniform methods and rules: scrapie

The document entitled "Scrapie Eradication Uniform Methods and Rules," as published by the United States Department of Agriculture, is incorporated by reference, including subsequent amendments and editions.  Copies of this material may be obtained at no cost from the USDA website at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/nahps/scrapie/umr-scrapie-erad.pdf.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-307.5; 106-317;

Eff. July 1, 2005;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52B ‑ ANIMAL DISEASE

 

SECTION .0100 ‑ ANIMAL DISEASE: QUARANTINE

 

02 NCAC 52B .0101          QUARANTINE NOTICES

(a)  The original of the quarantine notice shall be personally given to the owner or person in charge of the animals or poultry being quarantined, one copy of quarantine notice shall be mailed to the office of the State Veterinarian and one copy retained by the regulatory official issuing the quarantine.

(b)  No poultry or other animals under quarantine shall be moved from the premise for any purpose except on a written permit from the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative.

(c)  The quarantine shall not be lifted or cancelled until there is no longer a threat of exposure to poultry or other animals as determined by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative. The necessity for cleaning and disinfection of premises prior to release of quarantine shall be determined by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative.

(d)  Written permits to move poultry or other animals which are affected with or exposed to a contagious and/or infectious disease or which originate in a quarantined area, into North Carolina may be issued by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative under the following conditions:

(1)           The animals or poultry are to be used for research purposes under conditions which will prevent exposure to other livestock and poultry;

(2)           Animals affected with or exposed to brucellosis, tuberculosis, and/or other diseases designated by the State Veterinarian which are consigned to a state or federal inspected slaughter house for immediate slaughter; such livestock shall be identified in a manner acceptable to the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative;

(3)           For the movement of swine in accordance with the North Carolina Pseudorabies Program.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.3 through 106‑307.5;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. December 1, 1989;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0102          QUARANTINE PLACARD

The person issuing the quarantine shall give public notice of such quarantine by posting or placarding the entrance to any part of the premises on which the animals are held with a suitable quarantine sign, said animal or animals to be maintained by the owner or person in charge, as provided by law at the owner's expense. The quarantine sign shall be furnished by the department and shall read as follows:

 

QUARANTINE NOTICE

 

It has been determined that the______________on these premises are affected with or exposed to____________. Therefore, said ___________are quarantined in accordance with the law and regulations of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture.

 

(Signature)

 

State Veterinarian

 

Persons who willfully or maliciously destroy this public notice are liable to prosecution to the full extent of the law. A copy of the livestock sanitary laws and regulations may be obtained upon request to State Veterinarian, Raleigh, North Carolina.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.3 through 106‑307.6; 106‑400; 106‑401;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0200 ‑ ADMISSION OF LIVESTOCK TO NORTH CAROLINA

 

02 NCAC 52B .0201          HEALTH REGULATIONS IN GENERAL

(a)  No animal, including poultry or birds of any species, that is affected with, or exposed to, within the contagious period of, any infectious, contagious, or communicable disease, or which originates from a quarantine area affecting such animal, shall be transported or in any manner moved into the state until written permission for such importation has been obtained from:

State Veterinarian of North Carolina

North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

Raleigh, North Carolina 27611

Those diseased or exposed animals which are approved by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture for interstate shipment for immediate slaughter are exempt from this provision; however, any vehicle used to transport such diseased or exposed animals must be cleaned and disinfected immediately after use and prior to transporting other animals.

(b)  All livestock (including the American buffalo or bison which for the purpose of this Section shall be considered as beef cattle) transported or otherwise moved into the state shall be accompanied by a health certificate, and permit when required, which shall be attached to the waybill or shall be in the possession of the driver of the vehicle or person in charge of the livestock.

(c)  A copy of the health certificate approved by the chief livestock sanitary official of the state of origin shall be forwarded within 30 days of issuance to:

State Veterinarian

472 Agriculture Building

Post Office Box 26026

Raleigh, North Carolina 27611

(d)  Livestock entering North Carolina without a proper health certificate, and permit when required, shall be quarantined and held at the owner's risk and expense until released by the State Veterinarian.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.4; 106‑307.5; 106‑317; 106-348; 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 18, 2002; April 1, 1997;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0202          OFFICIAL HEALTH CERTIFICATES: PERMITS

(a)  An official health certificate is a legible record made on an official form from the state of origin, or from the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture. All health certificates must be issued and signed by veterinarians accredited in the state of origin, veterinarians employed by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture, or graduate veterinarian employed by the state of origin.

(b)  The health certificate shall contain the names and addresses of the consignor and consignee, the origin of the animals, their final destination and an accurate description or identification of the animals (age, sex, breed and tag, tattoo or brand number). It shall also indicate the health status of the animals listed including dates and results of required tests and dates of pertinent vaccinations. Health certificates shall be void after 30 days except those for cattle and hogs entering the state for exhibition purposes; these shall be valid for 60 days from the date of issuance and the requirements for negative brucellosis or tuberculosis tests within 30 days of entry into the state shall be interpreted to mean within 60 days. Requests for permits to be issued in accordance with these Regulations should be directed to:

State Veterinarian of North Carolina

472 Agriculture Building

Post Office Box 26026

Raleigh, North Carolina 27611

All animals entering the state under permit shall be consigned to a resident of the state or to a legal entity authorized by law to do business within the state. All permits shall expire 15 days after the date of issuance.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.5; 106‑317; 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0203          DUTIES OF OWNERS: CUSTODIANS: AND CARRIERS

(a)  All livestock not required to be accompanied by health certificates, test certificates or permits by the provisions of these Regulations shall be accompanied by a waybill, or owner‑shipper certificate stating the following:

(1)           the point from which the animals are moved interstate;

(2)           the specific unloading destination (including street address and number if any) of the animals;

(3)           the number of animals covered by the document;

(4)           the name and address of the owner or shipper; and

(5)           the identification of the animals.

(b)  Owners, custodians and carriers shall not unload livestock or other animals including poultry except at locations indicated on health certificates, waybills, invoices, or owner‑shipped certificates. Any deviation of unloading site shall be accompanied by a written permit issued by the State Veterinarian or his agent.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.5; 106‑317; 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0204          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: BRUCELLOSIS

(a)  All cattle imported into North Carolina are subject to the following requirements:

(1)           all cattle shall be identified by ear tag, or tattoo;

(2)           cattle originating from any certified brucellosis-free State, as defined in 9 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 78.1, may enter North Carolina provided the following is recorded on the official health certificate:

(A)          individual identification of each animal; and

(B)          brucellosis status of the State of origin;

(3)           no cattle shall be accepted (other than those consigned to immediate slaughter) which have been adult vaccinated, in accordance with the current edition of the Uniform Methods and Rules for Brucellosis Eradication of the United States Department of Agriculture-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, against brucellosis or originate from infected, exposed or quarantined herds.

(b)  In addition to the requirements of Paragraph (a) of this Rule, cattle imported from brucellosis class A states, as defined in 9 CFR 78.1, shall comply with the following:

(1)           all females and bulls eight months of age and older must test negative for brucellosis within 30 days prior to entry into North Carolina, except:

(A)          dairy heifers under 20 months of age that are vaccinated against brucellosis;

(B)          heifers of the beef breeds less than 24 months of age that are vaccinated against brucellosis; or

(C)          cattle originating from any certified, brucellosis‑free herd, as defined in 9 CFR 78.1, provided the following is recorded on the official health certificate:

(i)            individual identification of each animal;

(ii)           herd certification number;

(iii)          date of last herd test; and

(2)           cattle from class A states which originate from the farm of origin and move directly to a state or federally licensed stockyard or to a farm in North Carolina in compliance with this Rule are not required to be tested between 45 and 120 days after entry.  However, retests may be performed by a representative of the State Veterinarian at no expense to the owner.  Eligible cattle which have been commingled in a stockyard prior to importation must, in addition to the requirements of this Rule, test negative for brucellosis between 45 and 120 days after arrival in this state.

(c)  In addition to the requirements of Paragraph (a) of this Rule, cattle imported from class B states, as defined in 9 CFR 78.1, shall comply with the following:

(1)           a permit must be issued to the person importing the cattle by the State Veterinarian of North Carolina prior to entry;

(2)           all females and bulls eight months of age or older must test negative within 30 days prior to entry into North Carolina except:

(A)          dairy heifers under 20 months of age that are vaccinated against brucellosis;

(B)          heifers of the beef breeds less than 24 months of age that are vaccinated against brucellosis;

(C)          cattle originating from any certified brucellosis‑free herd, as defined in 9 CFR 78.1, provided that the following is recorded on the official health certificate:

(i)            individual identification of each animal;

(ii)           herd certification number; and

(iii)          date of last herd test;

(3)           all cattle shall be quarantined upon arrival and must test negative between 45 and 120 days after arrival in order to be released from quarantine.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.5;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. August 1, 2004; May 1, 1992; June 1, 1988; December 1, 1987.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0205          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: CATTLE FEVER TICK AND SCABIES

(a)  No cattle infested with ticks (Boophilus annulatus, B. microplus, or Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi) or exposed to such infestation shall be shipped, trailed, driven, or otherwise imported into the state for any purpose.

(b)  No cattle affected with scabies shall be shipped, trailed, driven or otherwise imported into the state for any purpose. No cattle recently exposed to scabies or from an area quarantined on account of scabies shall be imported into the state except in accordance with the regulations of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.5; 106‑361; 106‑400;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0206          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: EQUINE

(a)  Horses, ponies, mules, asses, zebras, and all other equine species may be imported into the state when accompanied by an official health certificate giving an accurate description of them and certifying that as determined by a physical examination they are free from any evidence of an infectious or transmissible disease and have not been exposed to any infectious or transmissible disease, and attesting that any animal over six months of age has passed a negative official test, as defined in 2 NCAC 52B .0401, for equine infectious anemia within 12 months prior to entry, provided that stallions imported into North Carolina from any country where contagious equine metritis (CEM) is recognized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to exist must also comply with requirements of Paragraph (c) of this Rule. The EIA test form shall list one horse only. Equine without a current EIA test may be imported into the state for direct shipment to a livestock market or equine sale that is approved to provide EIA testing, pursuant to 2 NCAC 52B .0410.

(b)  No health certificate will be required for horses, ponies, mules and asses which are consigned to a race track or entering the state temporarily for the purpose of exhibition, provided such animals are accompanied by certificates verifying a negative test for equine infectious anemia within 12 months prior to entry.

(c)  Any stallion imported into North Carolina from any country where CEM is recognized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to exist shall be accompanied by a written permit from the State Veterinarian, and shall be placed under quarantine by a representative of the State Veterinarian upon arrival. Prior to being used for breeding, he shall be treated by or under the direct supervision of an accredited veterinarian licensed to practice in North Carolina, according to the procedure prescribed in the Federal Register/Vol. 45, No. 3/Friday, January 4, 1980/Rules and Regulations/Pages 1003 through 1006 (9 C.F.R., Part 92).

(d)  For the purpose of Paragraph (c) of this Rule the following shall apply:

(1)           Stallion. A male horse other than gelding;

(2)           Breeding. Natural or artificial insemination of a mare;

(3)           CF test. A complement‑fixation test on equine serum for the detection of specific antibodies of the CEM bacterium.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.5; 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. December 1, 1987;

Temporary Amendment Eff. October 1, 1999;

Amended Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0207          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: SWINE

(a)  All swine imported into the state, except by special permit or for immediate slaughter, shall be accompanied by a health certificate issued by a state, federal, or accredited veterinarian stating that they are free from any signs of an infectious or communicable disease and are not known to have been exposed to same.  The health certificate shall contain the ear tag or tattoo number of each animal.  The health certificate must show the pseudorabies status of both the herd and state or area of origin.  Swine imported for feeding or breeding purposes shall be moved in clean and disinfected trucks or other conveyances.  "Accredited veterinarian" means a veterinarian accredited pursuant to Title 9, Part 161 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

(b)  Breeding swine and all other swine being shipped to a breeding swine premise shall originate from a "Validated Brucellosis‑Free" herd or a "Validated Brucellosis‑Free" State and shall originate from a "Qualified Pseudorabies‑Negative" herd, Qualified-Negative Gene-Altered Vaccinated Herd (QNV) or Pseudorabies Stage IV or V (Free) State.  Breeding swine and all other swine being shipped to a breeding swine premise originating from Stage II, II/III or III areas or states must also be isolated and test negative to a statistical 95/5 sample test using a pseudorabies serological test approved pursuant to Title 9, Part 85.1 of the Code of Federal Regulations between 30 and 60 days after arrival and before being added to the herd.

(c)  All feeder swine imported into the state from a Pseudorabies Stage II, II/III, or III state or area shall be accompanied by a permit for entry issued by the State Veterinarian within 30 days prior to entry.  The permit number and the date of issuance shall be shown on the health certificate.  The feeder swine in the shipment must have been vaccinated for pseudorabies using a USDA-licensed pseudorabies vaccine with gI deletion and must have tested negative on a statistical (95/2) test within 30 days prior to shipment, and they shall be isolated and quarantined until slaughtered.  In addition, the swine must be tested on statistical (95/2) test between 30 and 45 days after arrival.  The swine must originate from a Qualified Negative herd or a pseudorabies monitored herd that has tested negative on a statistical (95/10) test within 30 days prior to shipment.  Feeder swine from a pseudorabies-free state or area may be imported in accordance with Paragraph (a) of this Rule.

(d)  Healthy swine for feeding purposes may move directly from a farm of origin in a contiguous state on which they have been located for not less than 30 days to a livestock market or stockyard in North Carolina that has been state‑federal approved for handling feeder swine, without the health certificate required herein, provided such swine are accompanied by proof of the pseudorabies status of the herd of origin.  Such swine shall be inspected by a state or federal inspector or approved accredited veterinarian prior to sale at the market.

(e)  Healthy swine may be shipped into the state for immediate slaughter without a health certificate provided they go directly to a slaughtering establishment under State or Federal inspection, or to a state‑federal approved livestock market or stockyard for sale to a slaughtering establishment under State or Federal inspection for immediate slaughter only.

(f)  Swine from a pseudorabies-quarantined herd or swine which have been in contact with pseudorabies-quarantined swine may be imported into the state for immediate slaughter only under the following conditions:

(1)           the swine must be accompanied by a shipping permit (Veterinary Services Form 1-27) issued by a veterinarian accredited pursuant to 9 CFR 161, or a state or federal animal health employee, consigning the swine only to a slaughtering establishment under state or federal inspection;

(2)           the vehicle transporting the swine must be sealed after loading with an official USDA or state of origin seal.  The seal number must be recorded on the VS Form 1-27.  The seal can be broken or removed only by an NCDA&CS or a USDA employee or other individual authorized by the State Veterinarian; and

(3)           the vehicle used to transport the swine must be cleaned and disinfected immediately after unloading the swine and prior to using the vehicle to transport other livestock.

(g)  Sporting swine:

(1)           For purposes of this Rule:

(A)          "Sporting swine" means any domestic or feral swine intended for hunting purposes and includes the progeny of these swine whether or not the progeny are intended for hunting purposes; and

(B)          "Feral swine" means any swine that have lived any part of its life free roaming.

(2)           No person shall import sporting swine into North Carolina unless:

(A)          The swine have not been fed garbage within their lifetime; and the herd of origin is validated brucellosis free and qualified pseudorabies negative; and

(B)          The swine have not been members of a herd of swine known to be infected with brucellosis or pseudorabies within the previous 12 months; and

(C)          The individual animals six months of age or over have a negative brucellosis and pseudorabies test within 30 days of movement; and

(D)          The swine have not been a part of a feral swine population or been exposed to swine captured from a feral swine population within the previous 12 months; and

(E)           The swine are accompanied by a health certificate or certificate of veterinary inspection identifying each animal by ear tag, breed, age, sex, the state of origin, and certifying that the swine meet the import requirements of North Carolina.

Note:  Violation of this Rule is a Class 2 misdemeanor under G.S. 106-307.6.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.5; 106‑316.1; 106‑317; 106‑318;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. February 1, 1996; May 1, 1992; June 1, 1989; January 1, 1989;

Temporary Amendment Eff. April 3, 2000; February 21, 2000; April 30, 1999;

Amended Eff. April 1, 2001; July 1, 2000.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0208          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: GOATS

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.5; 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005; April 1, 2001;

Repealed Eff. April 1, 2008.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0209          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: SHEEP AND GOATS

(a)  All sheep and goats imported into North Carolina, regardless of age, must be officially identified prior to leaving the farm of origin (see "official scrapie identification" in Subparagraph (c)(2) of this Rule), except:

(1)           Sheep and goats less than 12 months of age moving directly to slaughter;

(2)           Sheep and goat wethers.

(b)  Sheep and goats consigned for the purpose of immediate slaughter to a livestock market licensed under G.S. 106, Article 35, or to a slaughtering establishment with state or federal inspection may be imported without a health certificate. A waybill or certificate marked for immediate slaughter must accompany such shipments. No sheep or goats consigned for immediate slaughter may be removed from slaughter channels.

(c)  Sheep and goats not consigned for the purpose of immediate slaughter must be accompanied by an official health certificate from the state of origin signed by a veterinarian accredited in that state as follows:

(1)           The health certificate covering the importation of sheep and goats shall include a report of inspection indicating the sheep and goats are not under quarantine and are free from signs of any infectious or communicable disease.

(2)           The health certificate shall contain a statement that the flock of origin has not had scrapie diagnosed within the past 42 months. The health certificate shall include United States Department of Agriculture-approved scrapie identification, age, sex, breed and markings for each animal. Official scrapie identification shall consist of one of the following:

(A)          Official ear tags which are approved by the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service for use in the Scrapie Eradication Program or the Scrapie Flock Certification Program;

(B)          Electronic implants which are approved for use in animals participating in a scrapie flock certification program and accompanied by a certificate of veterinary inspection or owner statement that includes the implant numbers and name of the chip manufacturer; or which are used in animals registered with a national registry association and the implant number is recorded by the registry on the registration certificate accompanying the animal. The animal shall be accompanied by an implant reader which can read the implant in the animal;

(C)          Legible official registry tattoos that have been recorded in the record of a sheep or goat registry association when the animal is accompanied by either a registration certificate or certificate of veterinary inspection upon which the tattoo number is recorded.

(3)           Sheep and goats not consigned for the purpose of immediate slaughter that originate from United States Department of Agriculture-certified and accredited free states are exempt from brucellosis and tuberculosis testing requirements. Sheep and goats that do not originate from a United States Department of Agriculture-certified and accredited free state shall have a negative brucellosis test within 30 days prior to import and shall have a negative tuberculosis test within 60 days prior to import unless they originate from a United States Department of Agriculture-certified and accredited free herd.

(4)           Dairy goats and sheep over six months of age and sexually intact imported from out-of-state shall have a negative brucellosis test within 30 days prior to import and shall have a negative tuberculosis test within 60 days prior to import unless they originate from a United States Department of Agriculture-certified and accredited free herd.

(5)           The brucellosis and tuberculosis testing requirements of this Rule does not apply to sheep and goats entering the state for only exhibition purposes, coming from states or herds that are United States Department of Agriculture-certified and accredited free, when accompanied by an official health certificate which includes a United States Department of Agriculture-approved scrapie identification. Such animals shall remain in the state for exhibition purposes for no more than 30 days from the date of issuance of the health certificate.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-307.5; 106-348; 106-396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. April 1, 2008; January 1, 2005; April 1, 2001; May 1, 1992; December 1, 1989;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0210          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: AVIAN SPECIES

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑539; 106‑540; 106‑543;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Temporary Amendment Eff. August 13, 1993 for a period of 180 days or until the permanent rule becomes effective, whichever is sooner;

Amended Eff. January 1, 1994;

Repealed Eff. July 1, 2010.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0211          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: DOGS

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑374;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Repealed Eff. October 1, 1987.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0212          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: WILD ANIMALS

(a)  A person shall obtain a permit from the State Veterinarian before importing any of the following animals into this State:

(1)           Skunk;

(2)           Fox;

(3)           Raccoon;

(4)           Ringtail;

(5)           Bobcat (includes Lynx and other North and South American felines as cougars, jaguars, etc.);

(6)           Coyote;

(7)           Marten;

(8)           Brushtail Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula).

(b)  Permits for the importation into this State of any of the animals listed in Paragraph (a) of this Rule shall be issued only if the animal(s) will be used in a research institute, or for exhibition by a USDA licensed exhibitor, or organized entertainment as in zoos or circuses.

(c)  Camelids, bison, and other bovidae other than domestic cattle may be imported into the State if accompanied by an official health certificate issued by a licensed, accredited veterinarian, as defined in 02 NCAC 52B .0401, which states that:

(1)           all animals six months of age or older have tested negative for brucellosis within 30 days prior to importation; and

(2)           all animals six months of age or older have tested negative for tuberculosis within 60 days prior to importation; and

(3)           the herd of origin has had no brucellosis or tuberculosis diagnosed within the past 12 months.

The requirements of this Paragraph shall not apply to llamas, vicunas, alpacas, and guanacos from other states that are tuberculosis Accredited-Free and brucellosis Certified-Free, when accompanied by an official health certificate.

(d)  Any species or hybrid of a mammal not otherwise covered in the Administrative Code that is found to exist in the wild or naturally occurs in the wild must be accompanied by a valid certificate of veterinary inspection.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑317; 106‑400;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 1998; February 1, 1996; May 1, 1992;

Temporary Amendment Eff. February 18, 2002;

Temporary Amendment Expired August 1, 2002 (See Rule .0213);

Amended Eff. August 1, 2002;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0213          IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: CERVIDAE

(a)  No cervidae may be imported into North Carolina from a herd located in a county in which Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) has been diagnosed or from a county which is contiguous to a county in which CWD has been diagnosed.

(b)  All cervidae entering North Carolina must be accompanied by all of the following:

(1)           an official health certificate issued within 30 days prior to arrival;

(2)           individual identification, such as a bangle-type ear tag, with lettering two inches or greater that can be viewed from a distance and noted on the health certificate;

(3)           an importation permit issued by the North Carolina State Veterinarian.  The request for an importation permit must be made by a licensed, accredited veterinarian, as defined in 02 NCAC 52B .0401, and must be accompanied by a copy of the official health certificate and a copy of the captivity permit issued by the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission;

(4)           the following statement must also appear on the health certificate:  "All cervidae on this certificate originate from a Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) monitored or certified herd in which these animals have been kept for at least one year or were natural additions.  There has been no diagnosis, signs, or epidemiological evidence of CWD in this herd or any herd contributing to this herd for the previous five years.";

(5)           proof of a negative test for brucellosis for all animals six months of age or older within 30 days prior to arrival.  The herd of origin must have had no diagnosis of brucellosis in the 12 months preceding shipment; and

(6)           proof of a negative single cervical test for tuberculosis for animals six months of age or older conducted within 60 days prior to arrival if the animal originates from a tuberculosis accredited or qualified herd.  If the animal is six months of age or older and originates from a herd of unknown status, two negative single cervical tests for tuberculosis will be required with the second being greater than 90 days from the initial test and within 60 days prior to arrival.  If the animal is less than six months of age and from a herd of unknown status, one negative single cervical test will be required.  The herd of origin and commingled susceptible species must have had no diagnosis of tuberculosis in the 36 months preceding shipment.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-307.5; 106-317; 106-400;

Eff. August 1, 2002.

 

SECTION .0300 ‑ BRUCELLOSIS REGULATIONS

 

02 NCAC 52B .0301          QUALIFICATIONS OF PERSONS CONDUCTING BRUCELLOSIS TEST

Brucellosis testing of cattle, swine, goats or other livestock shall be conducted only by an accredited veterinarian or an employee of the veterinary division of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture or Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture. The sale of brucellosis test antigen to any individual, firm or corporation not in possession of a written permit from the State Veterinarian, or the possession of said antigen by any person not in possession of such a permit, is prohibited.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑390; 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0302          BRUCELLOSIS REQUIREMENTS FOR SALE OF CATTLE AND SWINE

(a)  All cattle offered for public sale must test negative for brucellosis within 30 days preceding the date of sale except those cattle listed as follows:

(1)           cattle sold for immediate slaughter;

(2)           native heifers and bulls less than 18 months of age;

(3)           steers and spayed heifers;

(4)           officially brucellosis vaccinated heifers of the dairy breeds under 20 months of age (provided that all officially brucellosis vaccinated heifers of any breed that are parturient or post parturient must be tested and negative for brucellosis);

(5)           officially brucellosis vaccinated heifers of the beef breeds under 24 months of age (provided that all officially brucellosis vaccinated heifers of any breed that are parturient or post parturient must be tested and negative for brucellosis);

(6)           cattle originating directly from a certified brucellosis-free herd or state; or

(7)           heifers under 12 months of age purchased for feeding purposes; provided, however, that if the State Veterinarian determines that the heifers originated from a herd of unknown brucellosis status, buyers of feeder heifers under 12 months of age may be required, before they remove such cattle from place of purchase, to sign a statement of intent to feed those cattle not tested for brucellosis in isolation from breeding animals. Willful failure of a buyer of such cattle to sign a statement of intent when requested by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative or willful failure to comply with such a signed statement of intent is a violation of this Section.

(b)  All swine sold or offered for sale for breeding purposes must originate directly from a validated brucellosis-free herd unless they originate from a state classified as swine-brucellosis free.

(c)  Sporting swine:

(1)           For the purpose of this Rule:

(A)          "Sporting swine" means any domestic or feral swine intended for hunting purposes and includes the progeny of these swine whether or not the progeny are intended for hunting purposes;

(B)          "Feral swine" means any swine that have lived any part of its life free roaming.

(2)           All sporting swine sold or offered for sale must originate directly from a validated brucellosis-free herd.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑389; 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 2000; February 1, 1996; December 1, 1987;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0303          CALFHOOD VACCINATION

Official Brucellosis calfhood vaccination of heifers between the ages of four and eight months by accredited veterinarians, employees of the veterinary division of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture, or employees of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture, is permitted. The vaccine used must be licensed by the Biologics Division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and be authorized for use in North Carolina by the State Veterinarian. Each vaccinated heifer shall be identified by the official vaccination tattoo and an approved ear tag in the right ear: Provided that the State Veterinarian may waive the ear tag requirement if other acceptable means of identifying individual heifers are used. The original and one copy of the brucellosis calfhood vaccination record shall be submitted by the person doing the vaccinating to the State Veterinarian within 10 days following vaccination. Officially brucellosis vaccinated cattle of the dairy breeds 20 months of age and over, and those of the beef breeds 24 months of age and over, classified as reactors to an official test for brucellosis shall be branded and tagged as brucellosis reactors. Parturient and post parturient animals reacting to the official brucellosis test shall be branded and tagged as reactors regardless of age.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑389; 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 1998;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0304          COMPULSORY TESTING

The State Veterinarian is empowered to require the testing of cattle, goats and swine he has reasonable grounds to believe are affected with or have been exposed to brucellosis. Following a ten day notice, the owner shall have his cattle, swine or goats confined at the appointed time of the test. He shall provide the necessary facilities and assistance for the person making the test.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑390; 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

section .0400 – equine infectious anemis (eia)

 

02 NCAC 52B .0401          DEFINITIONS

The following definitions are in effect throughout this Section:

(1)           Equine. Any member of the equine family, including horses, ponies, mules, asses and other equines;

(2)           Reactor. An equine over six months of age that reacts positively to an approved test for equine infectious anemia;

(3)           Official Test. A test recognized by Veterinary Services, APHIS, USDA, pursuant to 9 CFR 75.4;

(4)           Date of Test. Date blood sample is collected from the equine;

(5)           Licensed Accredited Veterinarian. A veterinarian licensed to practice in North Carolina by the North Carolina Veterinary Medical Board and accredited by the USDA;

(6)           Exposed Equine. An equine which the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative has reasonable grounds to believe has been exposed to equine infectious anemia; An equine shall be considered exposed when in the professional judgment of a state or federally employed, or accredited, veterinarian designated by the State Veterinarian, the equine has been exposed. A premises may be approved by the State Veterinarian for the permanent quarantine of an equine which is positive to an official test for equine infectious anemia when it can be determined that other equines will not be exposed to the disease;

(7)           Division. Veterinary Division of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services;

(8)           Dealer. Any person who buys equine for his own account for the purpose of resale, or for the account of others;

(9)           Public Place. Any premises owned or operated by any governmental entity, any privately owned or operated premises open to the public, or any privately owned or operated premises where three or more equine originating from three or more premises are gathered.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Temporary Amendment Eff. October 1, 1999;

Amended Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0402          DISPOSITION OF REACTORS

02 NCAC 52B .0403          EXPOSED HORSES

02 NCAC 52B .0404          REPORT OF TEST RESULTS

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Temporary Repeal Eff. October 1, 1999;

Repealed Eff. April 1, 2001.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0405          FEES FOR BLOOD TEST

A person submitting a blood sample to the Division to be tested for equine infectious anemia (EIA) shall pay a fee of four dollars ($4.00) per sample.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. April 1, 1985;

Temporary Amendment Eff. October 1, 1999;

Amended Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0406          EIA TEST REQUIRED

(a)  All equine more than six months of age entering North Carolina for any purpose other than for immediate slaughter shall be accompanied by a copy of the certificate of test from a laboratory approved by the USDA showing the animal to be negative to an official test for equine infectious anemia (EIA) within the past 12 months, except as provided in 02 NCAC 52B .0410. (See 02 NCAC 52B .0206 for other importation requirements.)

(b)  No equine more than six months of age shall be sold, offered for sale, traded, given away, or moved for the purpose of change of ownership unless accompanied by the original official negative test for EIA administered within 12 months prior to sale or movement, except that equine which are offered for sale at auction markets or sales may have a blood sample drawn at the market by the market's veterinarian at the seller's expense. In such cases, the equine may be sold and transferred contingent upon receipt of an official negative EIA test. Until receipt of an official negative EIA test, the equine must be isolated in accordance with standards for isolation of positive reactors, pursuant to 02 NCAC 52B .0408(c)(2).

(c)  All equine brought to or kept at any public place for exhibition, recreation or assembly shall be accompanied by either the original or a copy of an official negative test for EIA administered within the previous 12 months. The person in charge of any public place where equine are brought or kept for exhibition, recreation or assembly shall not permit an equine to remain on the premises without the test required by this Rule.

(d)  A person in possession or control of an equine in a public place shall, upon the request of an authorized person, present the original or a copy of the test required by this Rule and shall assist in identifying the equine. A person in possession or control of an equine who does not have an original or a copy of the test required by this Rule shall remove the equine from the premises within two hours of receiving written notification to leave from an authorized person. As used in this Rule, "authorized person" means the person in charge of the premises, or the State Veterinarian or his representative.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Temporary Adoption Eff. October 1, 1999;

Eff. April 1, 2001;

Amended Eff. October 1, 2004; April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0407          TESTING FOR EIA

(a)  Equine tested for equine infectious anemia (EIA) must be completely and accurately identified by a licensed, accredited veterinarian, using the official test form provided by the office of the State Veterinarian.

(b)  Only one form shall be utilized by the testing veterinarian for each equine to be tested. Any distinctive markings and their location on the animal such as brands, tattoos, stars, snips, stockings, or other markings shall be noted on the official chart.

(c)  Equine receiving on‑farm or private treaty test shall not be sold or ownership otherwise transferred until the results of the equine infectious anemia test performed on the animal are returned. Positive test results shall automatically result in the quarantine of the animal without further notice at the premises of the owner or where the test was conducted.

(d)  All test results shall be reported to the office of the State Veterinarian. Tests conducted at a laboratory within the state shall be reported on official forms supplied by the Division. Licensed, accredited veterinarians submitting samples for testing in U.S. Department of Agriculture approved laboratories outside of North Carolina shall supply a copy of the test record to the office of the State Veterinarian within five days upon receipt of the test results from the testing laboratory.

(e)  The owner or manager of a market or sale shall announce, prior to the sale or auction, that all equines not accompanied by either the original or a copy of an official negative test for EIA will be tested. Each buyer of such equine at the sale or auction shall sign an agreement to maintain such equine at a specified location until notified of the results of the test. Equine that prove negative to the test may move in normal trade channels. Owners of equine that react to the test must comply with 2 NCAC 52B .0408.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Temporary Adoption Eff. October 1, 1999;

Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0408          POSITIVE REACTORS

(a)  Equine testing positive to an approved test for equine infectious anemia (EIA) may have a confirmatory retest by a representative of the State Veterinarian within 15 days of the initial test. If there is no retest within 15 days from notification, the right to retest is forfeited and the equine shall be euthanized or branded immediately.

(b)  If not euthanized, reactors must be branded on the left side of the neck with the characters '55A' and the official reactor number assigned by the Division. The owner of the reactor must submit the equine for branding by a representative of the State Veterinarian within 15 days of the confirmatory test.

(c)  A reactor shall be isolated, euthanized or sold for slaughter within seven days of branding. Reactors shall be subject to the following disposition, at the option of the owner:

(1)           With approval of the State Veterinarian or his designated representative, the equine may be sold for slaughter to bona fide slaughter buyers. EIA reactors must be permitted on VS Form 1‑27 by a representative of the State Veterinarian for movement from farm to an approved slaughter establishment or research facility when, in the State Veterinarian's judgment, it can be done without risk of exposure of other equine;

(2)           Quarantine of the infected, branded, equine until death in an isolation facility on the owner's premises or elsewhere, approved by an authorized representative of the State Veterinarian. A written quarantine will be issued for each equine. Minimum standards for an approved isolation facility shall be a plot or pasture located a minimum of 880 yards from any other equine enclosure, or other equine, except another known EIA reactor. Owners of infected, branded equine shall not sell, barter, trade or give away these equine except as provided in this Rule.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Temporary Adoption Eff. October 1, 1999;

Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 ncac 52B .0409          ADJACENT OR EXPOSED EQUINE

When an equine is found positive by an official equine infectious anemia (EIA) test and an EIA retest by state personnel, all equine on the same premises (farm, pasture, or stable), and all other equine located on adjacent farms, pastures, or stables within 880 yards shall be required to be tested by state regulatory personnel or a licensed, accredited veterinarian. All exposed equine, as defined in 2 NCAC 52B .0401(6), shall be quarantined until tested and found negative to the EIA test 60 days after removal of the reactor.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Temporary Adoption Eff. October 1, 1999;

Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0410          MARKET AND SALE RESPONSIBILITY

(a)  Livestock markets and all others conducting sales of equine shall send a written request for approval of all sales to the State Veterinarian at least two weeks prior to sale. The State Veterinarian shall approve the request if:

(1)           the applicant is in compliance with this Section at the time of the application;

(2)           it appears that the applicant is able to comply with this Section at the time of the proposed sale; and

(3)           the Veterinary Division has personnel available to monitor the sale to determine compliance with this Section.

(b)  Livestock markets or equine sales offering to provide equine infectious anemia (EIA) testing must employ a licensed, accredited veterinarian.

(c)  Livestock markets or sales that have permanent facilities, including a licensed, accredited veterinarian, may handle equine that do not have a negative test, provided each such equine is tested as provided in this Section.

(d)  Livestock markets and all others conducting sales of equine shall have check‑in procedures, including at least the following:

(1)           See that the correct name and mailing address of the owner is on the "check‑in" form, along with the license number of the vehicle that transported the animal;

(2)           Apply a backtag or paint number at "check‑in" and note it on the "check‑in" form;

(3)           See that all EIA test records are collected and presented to the market veterinarian or representative of the State Veterinarian for verification prior to the sale.

(e)  Equine shall be presented to the market or sale veterinarian if testing is required, and assistance shall be provided for drawing blood samples for the EIA test.

(f)  The market or sale management shall maintain records of sales for a minimum of two years, so that animals that react positively to the EIA test may be traced.

(g)  Those managing the sale shall not permit the sale of equine on the premises except through the market or sale.

(h)  Non‑compliance with these Rules is grounds for revocation of approval to conduct sales.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Temporary Adoption Eff. October 1, 1999;

Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 ncac 52B .0411          MARKET OR SALE VETERINARIANS

(a)  Market or sale veterinarians shall:

(1)           Collect blood samples of five cubic centimeters in a blood collection tube with identification of each equine presented for test;

(2)           Properly identify each equine tested on a Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services form as to name, age, sex, breed, color and markings, brands, tattoos, scars; and

(3)           Mail blood and form to an approved laboratory by the end of the next business day following the sale.

(b)  Each market veterinarian involved in the equine infectious anemia (EIA) program shall notify the State Veterinarian of such involvement.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Temporary Adoption Eff. October 1, 1999;

Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0412          SLAUGHTER SALES

Market or sale operators who wish to conduct a sale of equine only for slaughter without EIA testing must sign an agreement with the State Veterinarian to comply with the terms of this Section.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.17; S.L. 1999-237, s. 13.6;

Temporary Adoption Eff. October 1, 1999;

Eff. April 1, 2001;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0500 ‑ POULTRY DISEASES

 

02 NCAC 52B .0501          POULTRY DISEASES

If it shall be determined that any contagious or infectious disease of poultry, or exposure thereto, exists in any hatchery, poultry processing plant, or on any other place where poultry is raised, kept or handled, the State Veterinarian, his assistants or any duly authorized inspector, acting under the authority of the Commissioner of Agriculture is authorized to perform any or all of the following acts:

(1)           quarantine and placard such premises and all poultry on same premises when necessary to control the spread of contagious or infectious diseases of poultry;

(2)           restrict the movement of poultry, baby chicks, eggs or any other agent capable of transmitting infection;

(3)           require the cleaning and disinfecting of trucks and other vehicles used in transporting poultry and other products;

(4)           require the cleaning and disinfecting of hatcheries, poultry houses, slaughtering plants, coops, crates, transporting cages, containers, egg cases, chick boxes or any other agent capable of carrying infection;

(5)           restrict and regulate the disposition of offal and other waste material from poultry slaughtering and processing establishments, provide for disposal of manure from poultry houses by composting for 30 to 60 days on the farm or by burial on the farm where disease has occurred, or dispose by method authorized by the State Veterinarian;

(6)           require the proper disposition of all dead birds.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 1986;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0502          HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR POULTRY EXHIBITIONS

(a)  Persons conducting and participating in poultry exhibitions shall comply with the following:

(1)           All poultry, excluding doves and pigeons, for exhibition in North Carolina shall originate from U.S. pullorum-typhoid clean flocks, or have a negative pullorum-typhoid test within 90 days (30 days for out-of-state birds) of the date of exhibition. All North Carolina owned birds must be tested by agents of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture. For North Carolina birds and for out-of-state birds from U.S. pullorum-typhoid clean states, these test requirements may be satisfied by a negative test conducted by a North Carolina Department of Agriculture agent at the time of entry. The fee for pullorum-typhoid testing at the exhibition is ten cents ($0.10) per bird with a minimum fee of one dollar ($1.00) per exhibitor.

(2)           Poultry for exhibition shall not have been vaccinated with a live virus vaccine within the last 30 days preceding the exhibition.

(3)           Each bird must be identified with a "tamper-proof" band at the time of pullorum-typhoid test. A copy of the pullorum-typhoid test chart must accompany birds to exhibition.

(4)           Birds are subject to examination (including blood test and swabs) by a representative of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Birds shall not be accepted which are infected with or showing any clinical signs of a contagious disease, or are infested with lice or mites.

(5)           Out-of-state birds shall be admitted provided they are from an area that is not under quarantine for an infectious disease and have a negative antigen detection test for Avian Influenza performed within 21 days prior to presenting for exhibition.

(6)           The secretary of each show shall furnish the representative of the State Veterinarian with a list of names and addresses of all exhibitors at the time of the exhibition.

(7)           The secretary of each show shall have the requirements in this Rule printed in the show catalog or premium list.

(b)  The Commissioner may, when in the public interest to prevent disease, suspend any poultry exhibition in North Carolina.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. August 1, 2010; October 1, 1993;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0503          TRANSPORTING LIVE POULTRY

(a)  No person, firm, or corporation shall re‑use for transporting live poultry, any coop, crate, or other container that has been used previously for live poultry, unless said coop, crate, or other container has been thoroughly cleaned and properly disinfected. No person, firm, or corporation shall transport on the public highways of this state any empty coop, crate, or other container that has been used previously for live poultry, except to transport such coop, crate, or other container to a designated point for cleaning and disinfecting.

(b)  Any truck, trailer, or other conveyance used in transporting live poultry shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected after the hauling of each lot of live poultry.

(c)  Disinfectants acceptable for use under this Regulation are limited to the chemicals approved in 9 CFR 71.10, 71.11, and 71.12.

(d)  The provisions of (a) and (b) of this Rule shall not apply to any persons, firms, or corporations when transporting or handling only their own poultry.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. April 1, 1985;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0504          AVIAN INFLUENZA (H5N2)

 

History Note:        Filed as a Temporary Rule Eff. January 30, 1986, for a Period of 120 Days to Expire on

May 30, 1986;

Statutory Authority G.S. 106‑307.5;

Expired Eff. May 30, 1986.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0505          AVIAN INFLUENZA (H5N2)

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑307.5;

Eff. July 1, 1986:

Repealed Eff. July 1, 2010.

 

SECTION .0600 ‑ POULTRY: HATCHERIES: PULLORUM DISEASE

 

02 NCAC 52B .0601          NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN

(a)  All provisions for the recognition, classification, control, and eradication of pullorum disease, fowl typhoid, and Mycoplasma Gallisepticum (MG) as contained in the United States Department of Agriculture National Poultry Improvement Plan and Auxiliary Provisions, as incorporated by reference at 02 NCAC 52A .0102, shall apply to all hatcheries in this state and provided further that egg type chicken flocks shall be treated as egg type chicken breeding flocks for determining compliance with the provisions of this Rule.

(b)  All poultry and poultry products produced, sold, offered for sale, shipped into this state, or transported within this state shall originate from flocks that meet the requirements for the control of pullorum, fowl typhoid and Mycoplasma Gallisepticum as expressed in the National Poultry Improvement Plan and Auxiliary Provisions except that birds enroute to or from a show or exhibition that complies with 02 NCAC 52B .0502 need not comply with this Paragraph.

(c)  Poultry that does not meet the standards prescribed in Paragraph (b) of this Rule shall be subject to the provisions of 02 NCAC 52B .0501 as applicable.

(d)  Poultry slaughtered within 24 hours after entering the state need not comply with the provisions of this Rule, unless the poultry originates from a quarantined flock. Poultry originating from a quarantined flock shall be accompanied by a permit from the State Veterinarian.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑539; 106‑540; 106‑543;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 2005; July 1, 1986;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0602          HATCHERIES: RECORDS

Every hatchery shall keep a permanent record showing the name and address of the flock owner of all eggs received, together with the number of eggs and date received; also, a permanent record of all hatching eggs, baby chicks, and turkey poults sold, with number, flock origin, date and name and address of purchaser. They also shall keep a permanent record of all flock inspections and test reports.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 ncac 52B .0603          entry of avian species into the state of north carolina

(a)  Every shipment of poultry and hatching eggs entering this State shall be accompanied by a certificate or label showing the name and address of the shipper and the National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) Disease Program Status of the flock of origin. The certificate or label must be approved by the duly authorized agency of the state of origin.

(b)  Hatching Eggs, Chicks, or Poults, and any poultry under 16 weeks of age shall:

(1)           Originate from a Pullorum-Typhoid (PT) clean flock and be accompanied by a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (CVI) or VS 9-3 NPIP form from the state of origin; and

(2)           Originate from a flock certified NPIP US H5/H7 Avian Influenza (AI) Clean or US AI Clean. Source hatcheries must handle only eggs from NPIP US AI Clean or US H5/H7 AI Clean parent flocks.

(c)  Poultry and Ratites, 16 weeks of age and older, shall:

(1)           Originate from a P-T clean flock and have CVI or VS 9-3 NPIP form from state of origin, or negative P-T test within 30 days prior to entry; and

(2)           Originate from flock certified NPIP H5/H7 AI Clean or US AI Clean, with CVI (issued within 5 days of entry) or VS 9-3 NPIP form from state of origin, or be accompanied by records of a negative antigen detection AI test within 21 days prior to entering the state. (If the flock has more than 500 birds in number and is being tested for AI prior to entry, the owner or his agent must test 30 samples per flock and at least 10 per house, with all pens and houses represented.)

Ratites shall also have a permit number from the NC State Veterinarians Office.

(d)  Poultry entering NC for slaughter must be compliant with NPIP pre-slaughter guidelines for AI testing within 21 days of entry (11 samples per flock for chickens, and six samples per flock for turkeys). Pre-slaughter AI test records must accompany the flock on an official NPIP-approved laboratory form.

(e)  Pigeons, doves, birds of prey, psitticines, and song birds shall:

(1)           have a permit number from the NC State Veterinarian's office; and

(2)           be accompanied by a CVI issued within five days of entry.

(f)  No hatching eggs, chicks, poults or adult domestic poultry or ratites may enter NC if they originate in counties or areas under quarantine for H5/H7 Avian Influenza. Entry is not allowed for six weeks following last AI positive test.

(g)  For conveyances or containers that have been in AI-infected counties:

(1)           No person, firm, or corporation shall re-use for transporting live poultry, any coop, crate, or other container that has been used previously for live poultry, unless said coop, crate, or other container has been cleaned and disinfected. No person, firm, or corporation shall transport on the public highways of this state any empty coop, crate, or other container that has been used previously for live poultry, except to transport such coop, crate, or other container to a designated point for cleaning and disinfecting.

(2)           Any truck, trailer, or other conveyance used in transporting live poultry shall be cleaned and disinfected after the hauling of each lot of live poultry.

(3)           Disinfectants acceptable for use under this Rule are limited to the chemicals listed in 9 CFR 71.10, 71.11 and 71.12.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-539; 106-540; 106-543;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. August 1, 2010;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0604          CHICK DEALERS AND JOBBERS: FEE AND APPLICATION

All chick dealers and jobbers shall, on or before July 1 of each year, pay the required fee and file application with the Department of Agriculture, on forms furnished by the department, for a permit to operate.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0605          CHICK DEALERS AND JOBBERS: RECORDS

All chick dealers and jobbers shall keep a permanent record showing date, number of chicks and from whom purchased and shall keep similar records on all chicks sold in lots of 100 or more.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0606          DUTY TO REPORT OUTBREAK OF DISEASE

It shall be the duty of every hatchery, chick dealer or jobber to report promptly to the Department of Agriculture the outbreak of any contagious or infectious disease affecting baby chicks or turkey poults in their possession or in any flock supplying eggs to said hatchery.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑540;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52B .0607          POULTRY RUNNING AT LARGE

(a)  A person owning or having legal custody of any poultry shall not maintain poultry in any manner that creates a reasonable likelihood that poultry will wander outside of the legal boundaries of the property on which they are kept.

(b)  A person owning or having custody of any poultry shall not allow said poultry to wander outside the legal boundaries of the property on which they are kept.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑539; 106‑540; 106‑543;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 ncac 52b .0608          poultry and ratite dealers: licensing and records

(a)  A poultry or ratite dealer, as defined in G.S. 106-541(3), shall register with the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services on or before July 1 of each year on a form furnished by the Department.

(b)  A poultry or ratite dealer shall keep records of purchases and sales of poultry and ratites, showing the date of each purchase or sale, the number of birds and the name and address of the seller or purchaser on a form provided by the Department. A poultry dealer shall also keep records of any disease testing performed on birds under his control that are subject to the requirements of this Section. These records must be available for examination upon request by the Department and shall be kept for three years.

 

History Note:        G.S. 106-540; 106-547;

Eff. July 1, 2010;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52C ‑ CONTROL OF LIVESTOCK DISEASES:     MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

 

SECTION .0100 ‑ DISEASED AND DEAD ANIMALS

 

02 NCAC 52C .0101         TRANSPORTATION OF INFECTED ANIMALS

Permits will be issued by the State Veterinarian to sell or transport on the public roads of the state animals affected with a contagious or infectious disease under the following circumstances:

(1)           The animals can be wholly or partly salvaged by slaughter with no danger to human or animal health.

(2)           On request of the owner or caretaker a permit will be issued to move diseased animals from one quarantined premise to another when the movement can be made without exposure of humans or other animals to the disease.

(3)           A permit will be issued to transfer diseased animals to a research facility when such transfer can be accomplished without danger to human or animal health.

(4)           Permits may be issued for the movement of swine in accordance with the North Carolina Pseudorabies Program.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑22(3); 106‑400;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. December 1, 1989;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

02 NCAC 52C .0102         DISPOSAL OF DEAD ANIMALS

Methods approved by the State Veterinarian for disposing of dead domesticated animals in addition to burial three feet beneath the surface of the ground are as follows:

(1)           rendering at a rendering plant licensed under G.S. 106‑168.7;

(2)           complete incineration;

(3)           in the case of dead poultry, placing in a disposal pit as prescribed in G.S. 106‑549.70; and

(4)           any method which in the professional opinion of the State Veterinarian would make possible the salvage of part of a dead animal's value without endangering human or animal health.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑403;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0103         RECORDS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIVESTOCK DEALERS

(a)  In order to cooperate with the United States Department of Agriculture in the control and eradication of brucellosis, all livestock dealers licensed under the Livestock Dealer Licensing Act shall keep records for two years of all transactions involving livestock and permit any authorized agent of the Commissioner of Agriculture to have access to and copy all records relating to such transactions.

(b)  The records required to be kept in (a) of this Rule shall consist of the approximate age, breed and species of the livestock, the date of sale, and the name and address of persons from whom and to whom livestock are sold and traded.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑389; 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0104         REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSPORTING BREEDING SWINE

Breeding swine transported along the public roads of North Carolina pursuant to a change of ownership shall originate from a "qualified pseudorabies‑free herd" or undergo a negative official blood test for pseudorabies within 30 days of movement; provided that breeding swine being transported for immediate slaughter shall not be subject to the provisions of this Rule and; provided further, the importation of breeding swine shall be governed by the provisions of 2 NCAC 52B .0207(c).

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑22(3); 106‑307.3; 106‑307.5; 106‑400; 106‑401;

Eff. April 1, 1985;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0105         PSEUDORABIES STATUS AND TESTING

(a)  Feeding and breeding swine may not be transported on any public road or held in any public place unless accompanied by a written permit from the State Veterinarian or proof satisfactory to the State Veterinarian that:

(1)           No pseudorabies vaccine has been used in the herd of origin, unless the herd is a pseudorabies monitored vaccinated herd or unless the use of vaccine has been approved under the North Carolina Pseudorabies Program; and

(2)           The swine were tested and found negative for pseudorabies within 30 days prior to movement; or

(3)           The swine originated from a pseudorabies‑free area as determined by the State Veterinarian; or

(4)           The swine originated from a Qualified Pseudorabies Negative Herd as defined in Title 9, Part 85 of the Code of Federal Regulations; or

(5)           The swine originated from a monitored feeder pig herd; or

(6)           The swine are being transported or held in accordance with the North Carolina Pseudorabies Program.

(b)  The State Veterinarian or his representative is authorized to test swine for pseudorabies in accordance with G.S. 106‑400.1.

(c)  Swine transported on a public road or held in a public place in violation of this Rule are subject to quarantine and may be transported or held only by written permit from the State Veterinarian or his representative.

(d)  Sporting swine:

(1)           For the purpose of this Rule:

(A)          "Sporting swine" means any domestic or feral swine intended for hunting purposes and includes the progeny of these swine whether or not the progeny are intended for hunting purposes;

(B)          "Feral swine" means any swine that have lived any part of its life free roaming.

(2)           All sporting swine sold or offered for sale must originate directly from a qualified pseudorabies-negative herd.

Note: Violation of this regulation is a misdemeanor under G.S. 106‑22(3), and is punishable by fine or imprisonment of not more than two years, or both.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑22(3); 106‑400.1;

Eff. January 1, 1989;

Amended Eff. February 1, 1996; December 1, 1989; June 1, 1989;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0200 ‑ VIRUS AND BACTERIA DISEASES

 

02 NCAC 52C .0201         PRODUCT CONTAINING VIRUS OR BACTERIA

(a)  No product containing a live virus or live bacteria or other agents capable of producing disease in animals shall be shipped or otherwise brought into the state, sold, offered for sale, distribution or use, unless permission in writing shall have been granted by the State Veterinarian.

(b)  Written permission will be given by the State Veterinarian for bringing into North Carolina live viruses or live bacteria or other agents capable of producing disease in animals when they are to be used in research and their presence will not constitute a threat to human or animal health, or in other cases when their use would have a beneficial effect on animal health.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑315;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0202         DUPLICATE SHIPPING TICKET

At the direction of the State Veterinarian, all materials of the above nature (described in 2 NCAC 52C .0201) entering North Carolina shall have a duplicate shipping ticket stating name of consignee, amount of material, date shipped and how shipped, when ticket shall be sent to the State Veterinarian's office by the shipper when shipment or sale is made. North Carolina dealers shall report name of purchasers of above products.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑315;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0300 ‑ DIAGNOSTIC LABORATORIES

 

02 NCAC 52C .0301         POLICY FOR RECEIVING SPECIMENS

The policies for receiving dead or sick animal specimens for study by the Diagnostic Laboratories Section are as follows:

(1)           Animals too decomposed for study will not be accepted; and

(2)           Animal tissues (parts of animals), blood, serum, milk, must be collected and submitted by a licensed veterinarian or the professional personnel of other laboratories.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑22(3);

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0302         POLICY FOR DISPOSITION OF SPECIMENS

Carcasses of animals accepted for examination and received into the necropsy area will not be released. All animal carcasses shall be disposed of by incineration or other approved methods.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑22(3);

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0400 ‑ BONE MEAL

 

02 NCAC 52C .0401         DISTRIBUTING BONE MEAL

No bone meal (ground or crushed animal bones) or animal feeds containing bone meal shall be sold, offered for sale, or otherwise distributed, in the State of North Carolina for feeding purposes unless the manufacturer or distributor of same can show definitely that such bone meal meets the requirements of this Section.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.12; 106‑284.41;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0402         MANUFACTURING BONE MEAL

Bone meal (ground or crushed animal bones) for feeding purposes shall in the process of manufacture be heated sufficiently to destroy all disease producing organisms, including spores. The minimum requirement to accomplish this shall consist of exposure to steam under pressure (approximately 15 pounds gauge pressure) at not less than 248 degrees F. for not less than 30 minutes, or dry heating at not less than 284 degrees F. for not less than three hours, provided that all parts of the material reach the temperature above indicated.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.12; 106‑284.41;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0500 ‑ BIOLOGICAL RESIDUES

 

02 NCAC 52C .0501         ANALYSIS BY STATE CHEMIST

The results of analyses conducted by the State Chemist, or his delegate, will be accepted by the Commissioner of Agriculture as evidence that an animal, animal product, or animal feed does not bear a biological residue, or that a biological residue present is within tolerances established or approved by the Board of Agriculture, or that it exceeds the approved tolerances.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.81;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0502         PERMITS

A written permit will be issued by the Commissioner of Agriculture for the movement of an animal, animal product, or animal feed under detention or quarantine pursuant to G.S. 106‑549.82 when it can be determined that such movement is necessary to prevent economic loss to the owner or other persons, and it can be accomplished without impairing the enforcement of this Chapter.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.84;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0600 ‑ DISEASE REPORTS

 

02 NCAC 52C .0601         SUBMISSION OF DISEASE REPORTS

(a)  No livestock shall be removed from this State unless an interstate health certificate, in proper form, is submitted to the State Veterinarian within seven days of issuance of said certificate.

(b)  Tuberculosis test chart(s) for livestock shall be submitted to the State Veterinarian within seven days of the issuance of said test chart(s).

(c)  Any reaction to a tuberculin test shall be communicated to the State Veterinarian by telephone by the next business day after the reaction result is ascertained.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑14; 106‑22(3); 106‑348; 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0602         SUBMITTED DEFINED

For the purposes of 2 NCAC 52C .0601 (a) and (b), "Submitted to the State Veterinarian" means the deposit of the certificate or chart, with the U.S. Postal Service, with proper postage, within seven days after the certificate or chart has been completed, to the following address:

N.C. State Veterinarian

472 Agriculture Building

P.O. Box 26026

Raleigh, North Carolina 27611.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑14; 106‑22(3); 106‑348; 106‑396;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52C .0603         REPORTABLE DISEASES

All persons practicing veterinary medicine in North Carolina shall report the following diseases and conditions to the State Veterinarian's office by telephone within two hours after the disease is reasonably suspected to exist:

(1)           Anthrax;

(2)           Avian Chlamydiosis (Psitticosis, Ornthosis);

(3)           Avian Encephalomyelitis;

(4)           Avian Influenza (High Pathogenic);

(5)           Avian Influenza (Low Pathogenic);

(6)           Brucellosis (livestock only);

(7)           Classical Swine Fever (Hog Cholera);

(8)           Contagious Equine Metritis;

(9)           Echinococcus;

(10)         Equine Encephalomyelitis (including Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis, Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis, Western Equine Encephalomyelitis, and St. Louis Encephalomyelitis);

(11)         Equine Infectious Anemia;

(12)         Exotic Newcastle Disease;

(13)         Foreign Animal Diseases (including, in addition to those listed in this Rule, any disease believed to be absent from the United States and its territories);

(14)         Fowl Typhoid (Salmonella gallinarum);

(15)         Infectious Laryngotracheitis (other than vaccine induced);

(16)         Leishmaniasis;

(17)         Mycoplasma gallisepticum/Mycoplasma synoviae;

(18)         Paramyxovirus (other than Newcastle; includes menangle virus);

(19)         Plague (Yersinia pestis);

(20)         Pseudorabies;

(21)         Pullorum (Salmonella pullorum);

(22)         Q fever (Coxiella burnetii);

(23)         Rabies (equine and livestock only);

(24)         Scabies (cattle and sheep only);

(25)         Screw Worm (Exotic myiasis);

(26)         Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (including Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, Chronic Wasting Disease, and scrapie);

(27)         Tuberculosis;

(28)         Tularemia (Francisella tularensis);

(29)         Vesicular Disease (Foot and Mouth, Vesicular Stomatitis, Vesicular Exanthema, Swine Vesicular Disease); and

(30)         West Nile (domestic animals only).

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-307.2;

Temporary Adoption Eff. December 1, 2002;

Eff. August 1, 2004;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

section .0700 – miscellaneous requirements

 

02 ncac 52c .0701         INTRASTATE REQUIREMENTS: CERVIDAE

(a)  Cervidae that originate from herds containing cervidae only may be sold within North Carolina, if they test negative for tuberculosis within 60 days of change of ownership.

(b)  Cervidae that are commingled with domestic livestock may be sold within North Carolina provided that domestic cattle are tested annually, and all cervidae and bovidae other than domestic cattle and bison are tested negative for tuberculosis within 60 days prior to moving intrastate.

(c)  Cervidae owners shall maintain records showing:

(1)           date and source of new additions to the herd;

(2)           date of deaths of cervidae and copy of laboratory report on cause of death; and

(3)           date of sale or other disposition of any animal from a herd containing cervidae and the name and address of person who received the animal.

These records shall be maintained by the cervidae owner for a period of five years and shall be made available for inspection and copying by an employee of the NC Department of Agriculture Veterinary Division.

(d)  All captive cervidae of any species 12 months of age or older that die of any cause shall be tested for Chronic Wasting Disease.  The animal's head shall be submitted to a USDA-approved laboratory for testing.  Information about USDA approved laboratories may be found by calling the USDA-APHIS Customer Service Call Center at 1-844-820-2234.  A copy of the laboratory report shall be sent to the State Veterinarian - 1030 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, North Carolina 27699.

(e)  Cervidae owners shall comply with the "Uniform Methods & Rules:  Tuberculosis Eradication in Cervidae," U.S. Department of Agriculture, which is hereby adopted by reference, including subsequent editions and amendments.  A copy of this document may be obtained from the NC Department of Agriculture Veterinary Division at no charge.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-317; 106-400;

Eff. July 1, 1998;

Amended Eff. August 1, 2004; August 1, 2002;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2016.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52D ‑ MEAT AND POULTRY INSPECTION

 

SECTION .0100 - STANDARDS: OFFICIAL MARK

 

02 NCAC 52D .0101         CERTAIN STANDARDS ADOPTED: EXCEPTIONS

The Rules, Regulations, Definitions and Standards of the United States Department of Agriculture governing meat and meat products inspection, poultry products inspection, voluntary inspection of poultry and humane methods for slaughtering animals, Title 9, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 300 through 500, are hereby incorporated by reference, including subsequent amendments and editions, subject to the following exceptions:

(1)           To conform Federal regulations to North Carolina authority, references in the Federal regulations to the "Secretary of Agriculture," the "United States Department of Agriculture," the "Food Safety and Inspection Service," and its "Administrator" shall be deemed to refer to the corresponding North Carolina authority, the "Commissioner of Agriculture," the "North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services," the "Meat and Poultry Inspection Service" and its "Director for Meat and Poultry Inspection Service," respectively. References to "interstate commerce" shall be deemed to refer to "intrastate commerce" within North Carolina.

(2)           Statutory references to the "Federal Meat Inspection Act" shall be deemed to refer to the corresponding provisions of the "North Carolina Meat Inspection Law," Article 49B and Article 49C of G.S. 106.

(3)           Statutory references to the "Federal Poultry Products Inspection Act" shall be deemed to refer to the corresponding provisions of the "North Carolina Poultry Products Inspection Act," Article 49D of Chapter 106 of the North Carolina General Statutes.

(4)           References to federal marks of inspection, forms, overtime rates and charges shall be deemed to refer to the corresponding North Carolina marks of inspection, forms, and overtime rates and charges. These rates are established by the Commissioner pursuant to G.S. 106-549.69 to cover the cost of providing the service. Standards of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act incorporated in the federal regulations are applicable to these articles.

Copies of the above are available for inspection in the office of the Director of the State Meat and Poultry Inspection Service and may be obtained at no cost from the United States Government Printing Office website at http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_04/9cfrv2_04.html#301.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.21; 106‑549.22; 106‑549.28;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 2005; July 1, 1998; July 1, 1986; April 1, 1985; January 1, 1985;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

02 NCAC 52D .0102         OFFICIAL MARK OF INSPECTION

Part 312 of the Federal Meat Inspection Regulation shall refer to the following official North Carolina mark of inspection:

(1)           The mark shall be an isosceles trapezoid with base and top lines parallel, and the top line centered over the base. The distance between the base and top lines shall be equal to the length of the top line. The proportion for these lengths shall be as follows:

Base Line                              Top Line                                Distance Between

Base and Top

8                                            5                                                   5

(2)           The text of the mark within the border of the trapezoid shall be as follows:

(a)           "INSP'D" centered along the periphery of the left hand edge;

(b)           "AND" centered along the periphery of the top;

(c)           "PASSED" centered along the periphery of the right hand edge;

(d)           "N.C.D.A." centered along the periphery of the bottom edge;

(e)           "BY" centered immediately above the letters N.C.D.A.; and

(f)            The plant designator number "P‑‑‑‑(No.)" will be centered in the remaining space.

(3)           A height of approximately one‑ninth of the vertical distance between the base and top lines shall be the lettering size for "INSP'D," "AND," "PASSED," "BY," "N.C.D.A." as they appear in the official North Carolina mark of inspection.

(4)           A height of not less than one‑seventh and not greater than one‑sixth of the vertical distance between the base and top lines shall be the lettering size for the plant designator number "P‑‑‑‑(No.)" as it appears in the official North Carolina mark of inspection.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.21; 106‑549.22; 106‑549.28;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52E ‑ MARKETING OF LIVESTOCK

 

SECTION .0100 ‑ DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL RULES

 

02 NCAC 52E .0101          DEFINITIONS

These definitions are applicable throughout Chapter 52:

(1)           "Farm of Origin" means a farm or other premise where an animal was born or on which it has been maintained for at least 90 consecutive days immediately prior to movement.

(2)           "Recognized Slaughtering Establishment" means any slaughter establishment operating under provisions of the federal or state meat inspection acts and where ante‑mortem and post‑mortem inspections are routinely performed.

(3)           "Breeding Swine" means any swine which are maintained for breeding purposes, including sows which are parturient or which have given birth to one or more litters of pigs and boars which are uncastrated and which have reached a stage of maturity rendering the animal capable of being used as a breeding animal, including those boars which through age or infirmity are no longer suitable for such use.

(4)           "Feeder Swine" means any swine showing no visible signs of infectious or communicable disease and weighing less than 150 pounds and which are moved from the farm of origin to an approved feeder pig market to be assembled for resale as feeder swine or moved directly to another premise for further feeding prior to slaughter.

(5)           "Slaughter Swine" means swine which are consigned to a slaughter market or consigned directly to slaughter irregardless of age, breed or sex.

(6)           "Immediate Slaughter" means slaughter within seven days.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

02 NCAC 52E .0102          RESOLD CATTLE

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑14; 106‑22(3); 106‑348; 106‑396; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Repealed Eff. April 1, 1985.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0103          RESOLD CATTLE

(a)  When cattle for feeding or breeding purposes are delivered to a public livestock market, the seller shall designate as "resold" or "second‑handed" any cattle which have been sold through any livestock market within the previous 21 days. The seller shall make this designation to the livestock market operator, his agent, or the North Carolina Department of Agriculture livestock inspector in charge.

(b)  All resold or second‑handed cattle shall be penned together and separate from farm fresh cattle. The market operator shall announce to the buyers that these are resold or second‑handed cattle when they are offered for sale.

Note: Violation of this Rule is a misdemeanor under G.S. 106‑417, and violators may be fined or imprisoned, or both, in the discretion of the court. In addition, a public livestock market license may be revoked for violations of this Rule, pursuant to G.S. 106‑407.2.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑416;

Eff. May 1, 1992;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0200 ‑ PUBLIC LIVESTOCK MARKET REGULATIONS

 

02 NCAC 52E .0201          DAY AND TIME OF SALE

The regularly scheduled auction sales at public livestock auction markets shall be held on a designated day or days, Monday through Friday. The State Veterinarian may, on a minimum of two weeks written notice from a market operator, issue a permit for a breeding cattle consignment sale to be held on a Saturday. Cattle consigned to sales held under this exemption must be entered at the sales barn no later than 6:00 P.M. on the day preceding the sale with each individual consignment confined to separate pens until the required testing for brucellosis has been completed. Cattle officially tested as negative for brucellosis within 30 days prior to the sale may be entered at the sales barn anytime prior to the sale.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑408; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0202          NOTIFICATION OF UNSATISFACTORY PAYMENT

Public livestock market operators shall notify the Commissioner of Agriculture of unsatisfactory payment for livestock within 24 hours after having knowledge of such unsatisfactory payment. The notification will include the following:

(1)           the person on which the account is drawn and address;

(2)           amount of unsatisfactory payment;

(3)           nature of unsatisfactory payment including payee, bank; and address if applicable;

(4)           nature of collection action taken by the public livestock market.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑418.6;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0203          FACILITIES FOR HANDLING LIVESTOCK

Proper facilities for handling, segregating, holding and sale of livestock shall meet the following minimum requirements:

(1)           Facilities for Handling Breeder and/or Feeder Swine. Alleys and pens shall have properly drained floors of concrete or other impervious material approved by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative. The alleys shall lead directly from unloading docks to such pens and shall be used by all feeder and/or breeder swine offered for sale.

(2)           Facilities for Handling Slaughter Swine. When slaughter swine are sold on the same day that feeder and/or breeder swine are sold, separate facilities shall be provided for slaughter swine including unloading docks, alleys and pens. Alleys shall lead directly from unloading docks to pens so that slaughter swine shall not come in contact with facilities used by feeder and/or breeder swine.

(3)           Maintenance of Floors Required by this Rule. All floors of concrete or other impervious material referred to or required in these Regulations shall be free of holes, cracks or depressions and shall be properly drained and reasonably smooth so that they can be easily cleaned and disinfected. All other floors shall be properly drained, free of holes and depressions and maintained in such a manner that they can be readily cleaned and kept in a sanitary manner.

(4)           Facilities for Handling Livestock Other Than Swine. Sufficient unloading and loading docks, alleys and pens shall be provided for yarding livestock in a safe and humane manner. Docks, alleys and pens shall be constructed in such manner so that they drain properly and may be cleaned and/or disinfected as deemed necessary by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative.

(5)           Holding Pens and Restraining Chutes. Sufficient holding pens and restraining chutes suitable for restraining animals for testing, tagging, branding and other procedures required in providing livestock inspection service at stockyards shall be provided and maintained in a manner acceptable to the State Veterinarian at each public livestock market selling cattle.

(6)           Laboratory Facility. All public livestock markets selling cattle shall provide laboratory space for conducting brucellosis tests acceptable to the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative. The laboratory shall be constructed so as to provide privacy for the person or persons conducting the brucellosis tests. It shall be constructed and equipped so as to provide adequate ventilation, lighting, heating, and cooling. Refrigeration for brucellosis testing supplies and water with facilities for washing testing equipment shall be readily available. Unauthorized persons shall not have access to this facility.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑408; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0204          MARKETS KEPT CLEAN AND SANITARY: DISINFECTION

(a)  Livestock market facilities including yards, loading and unloading docks, alleys, pens, chutes, scales, and sales ring shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner. All loading docks, alleys, pens, scales and sales rings used for feeding and/or breeding swine shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected in an approved manner prior to receiving such swine for each sale. All trucks, trailers and other conveyances owned and/or operated by livestock market operators shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner. Those trucks, trailers, and other conveyances transporting animals affected with an infectious or contagious disease shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before further use. All livestock market operators shall provide equipment and facilities deemed suitable by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative for cleaning and disinfection of market facilities, trucks, trailers, and other conveyances operated by them in handling and transporting livestock.

(b)  Approved disinfectants to be used in disinfection of livestock market facilities, trucks, trailers and conveyances, etc., are those listed in 2 NCAC 52B .0503. Equipment and facilities for cleaning and disinfecting livestock market facilities, trucks, trailers and other conveyances shall consist of, but not be limited to, high pressure hoses and connections, power sprayers or other pressure sprayers approved by the State Veterinarian for applying disinfectant solutions.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑408; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0205          VETERINARIANS ACCEPTABLE FOR WORK AT LIVESTOCK MARKETS

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑408.1;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Expired Eff. April 1, 2017 pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0206          CATTLE AND SWINE FOR IMMEDIATE SLAUGHTER: IDENTIFICATION

(a)  Cattle. Cattle sold in a public livestock market shall be identified with an official back tag applied at a point just back of the shoulder, or by any other method approved by the State Veterinarian.

(b)  Swine. All swine sold for immediate slaughter in a public livestock market or buying station shall be identified as follows:

(1)           Bred gilts, sows and boars will be individually identified with an official backtag, eartag or tattoo approved by the State Veterinarian.

(2)           Other swine weighing 150 pounds or less shall be identified with a green paint mark on the back not less than three inches in diameter.

(3)           Swine weighing in excess of 150 pounds that can be graded and/or classed as top hogs need not be paint marked or tagged.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑409; 106‑410;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0207          CATTLE: SWINE SOLD OTHER THAN SLAUGHTER: IDENTIFICATION

(a)  Cattle. All cattle sold for purposes other than for immediate slaughter in public livestock markets shall be identified with an official ear tag or a legible permanent ear tattoo or other methods approved by the State Veterinarian.

(b)  Swine. All swine sold for purposes other than for immediate slaughter at public livestock markets, including feeder and/or breeder swine shall be identified with an official ear tag or other methods approved by the State Veterinarian. All feeder swine sold through public livestock markets and/or approved feeder pig sales shall be identified at the time of entry into a public livestock market and/or other approved feeder pig sale facility, with an official feeder pig tag approved by the State Veterinarian. A permanent record will be made of the tag numbers used for each consignor of feeder swine, along with the name and address of the consignor. One copy of the record will be mailed to the State Veterinarian at the completion of each sale.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0208          REMOVAL OF IDENTIFICATION MARKS: TAGS: ETC.

No person or persons shall remove any paint mark, tag, etc., required for identification of cattle and swine unless previously authorized by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative. The State Veterinarian authorizes the removal of paint marks, tags, etc., used for identification of slaughter cattle and swine at the time of slaughter.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0209          CERTIFICATES: CATTLE AND SWINE REMOVED FOR NON‑SLAUGHTER

(a)  No cattle except those for immediate slaughter shall be removed from a public livestock market unless they are accompanied by a certificate issued by a veterinarian accredited pursuant to Title 9, Part 161 of the Code of Federal Regulations or an employee of the veterinary division of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture or Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture. The certificate shall show that such animals are apparently healthy and come directly from a certified brucellosis-free herd or state or that eligible cattle listed have passed an approved test for brucellosis within 30 days prior to sale. (Steers, spayed heifers, and native cattle under 18 months of age are exempt from this requirement.) Every animal shall be identified by a numbered ear tag or tattoo in accordance with Title 9, Part 78.1 of the Code of Federal Regulations. No brucellosis test shall be required on official brucellosis vaccinates less than 20 months of age of the dairy breeds and less than 24 months of age of the beef breeds, provided that all parturient or post parturient cattle regardless of age shall be tested for brucellosis. Official calfhood vaccinates must be identified by ear tag, tattoo or official vaccination certificate.

(b)  Swine. No swine except those for immediate slaughter shall be removed from any public livestock market unless they are accompanied by a certificate issued by a veterinarian accredited pursuant to Title 9, Part 161 of the Code of Federal Regulations or employee of the veterinary division, North Carolina Department of Agriculture or Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture. The certificate shall show that swine covered by the certificate are apparently healthy and come directly from a validated brucellosis-free herd. Each animal shall be identified with an official ear tag, tattoo or other methods approved by the State Veterinarian.

(c)  Record Kept. A copy of all health certificates issued on cattle and swine sold in a public livestock market shall be kept on file as a part of the livestock market records for at least one year.

(d)  Exemptions. The Commissioner of Agriculture exempts from the requirement for official health certificates all breed sponsored sales, quality feeder pig sales where animals are not sold for movement to other states, and those sponsored wholly or in part by an agency of state government.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. July 1, 2000; December 1, 1987;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0210          REMOVAL OF SLAUGHTER SWINE FROM A PUBLIC LIVESTOCK MARKET

(a)  No swine consigned to and sold in a swine slaughter sale at a public livestock market shall be removed from the market for any purpose other than for immediate slaughter unless a permit is obtained from the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative.

(b)  Conditions under which a permit may be authorized by the State Veterinarian:

(1)           When there is sufficient evidence to prove swine have been stolen and sold for slaughter;

(2)           When swine are found to be affected with a treatable disease which at that time would render them unfit for slaughter;

(3)           No sale animals;

(4)           Animals sold for home consumption.

(c)  All swine released by permit from the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative, in (b)(1), (2), (3), and (4) of this Rule, shall be quarantined in isolation on the swine owner's premise until it has been determined that they will not expose other swine to a contagious and/or infectious disease.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑410; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0211          SALE OF SLAUGHTER SWINE IN FEEDER SWINE FACILITIES

Public livestock markets not having separate facilities for receiving, handling and selling feeder and slaughter swine may use their feeder pig facilities for the sale of slaughter swine provided:

(1)           All feeder swine sales and slaughter swine sales are held on alternate days;

(2)           Following each slaughter swine sale, all slaughter swine shall be removed and the facilities used for slaughter swine shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected prior to receiving any feeder swine for sale.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0212          PERMITS/DISEASED LIVESTOCK ENTER PUBLIC LIVESTOCK MARKETS

(a)  Permits shall not be issued for known diseased animals to enter a public livestock market except when it can be determined by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative that other animals will not be exposed.

(b)  Diseased animals entering public livestock markets under permit shall be placed under quarantine until they are disposed of in accordance with instructions issued by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑412; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0300 ‑ LIVESTOCK MARKET REGULATIONS

 

02 NCAC 52E .0301          REMOVAL OF LIVESTOCK FROM SLAUGHTER BUYING STATIONS

The operator or operators of a buying station not operating under a public livestock market permit shall not allow the removal of livestock from such facility for any purpose other than for immediate slaughter unless a permit has been obtained from the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑409; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0302          SANITATION

All slaughter buying stations shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑409; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0303          PERMITS TO REMOVE ANIMALS

The issuance of a written permit by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative to remove animals for any purpose other than immediate slaughter from a "buying station" of a slaughterhouse or similar business, not operating under a public livestock market permit, is contingent upon the animals in question being moved to an isolated location and maintained under quarantine until it can be determined that they will not serve as a source of disease capable of being spread to other animals.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑409; 106‑410; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0304          PERMITS FOR OTHER PURPOSES

(a)  At an owner's request, permits to use animals sold for slaughter for another purpose will be issued in the following cases:

(1)           when there is evidence that the animals have been stolen and sold for slaughter;

(2)           when the animals are affected with a treatable disease or condition, including advanced pregnancy, which would render them unfit for slaughter at that time;

(3)           in other instances where slaughter would cause a demonstrated preventable loss to the owner.

(b)  In all cases, animals temporarily or permanently released from slaughter under this provision shall be quarantined and isolated as a condition of the permit until it can be determined they are not infected with a contagious disease.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑409; 106‑410; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0305          DENIAL OF PERMIT

(a)  No permit shall be issued for an animal known to be affected with or having visible signs of a contagious or infectious disease to enter a public livestock market except when it can be determined that other animals will not be exposed.

(b)  Animals quarantined under this provision will be held in isolation for a sufficient time to prevent the exposure of healthy animals to contagious diseases. Movement of quarantined animals to slaughter will be authorized by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative when it is determined that the movement can be accomplished without exposure of other animals or humans to disease.

(c)  All facilities used for holding such animals and conveyances used in transporting them shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected at the discretion and to the satisfaction of the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑412; 106‑416;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0306          PERMISSION TO SELL DISEASED ANIMALS

Written permission may be given by the Commissioner of Agriculture or his authorized representative to sell, trade or dispose of animals affected with or exposed to a contagious or infectious disease for slaughter at a plant with state or federal meat inspection provided in the opinion of the official issuing the permit it can be done without exposing humans or animals to a contagious disease. Permission should be requested in writing directed to: State Veterinarian, Department of Agriculture, Post Office Box 26026, Raleigh, North Carolina 27611.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑413; 106‑414;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0400 ‑ LIVESTOCK BRANDING

 

02 NCAC 52E .0401          APPLICATION FOR BRAND REGISTRATION

(a)  An application for a brand shall be accompanied by an exact likeness of the brand desired for registration. This likeness shall be a minimum of three inches in its smallest dimension either horizontal or vertical.

(b)  An application for a brand shall specify the exact location on the animal where the brand will be located.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 80‑61;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52E .0402          STYLE AND LOCATION OF BRAND

(a)  No brand shall be accepted for registration that:

(1)           contains any numbers;

(2)           because of shape would be difficult to read when affixed to the animal; or

(3)           is a close likeness to another registered brand.

(b)  If practical, a brand shall be located on either the right or left hip to the rear of the hip bone.  In any event, the brand shall be easily read from a side or top view of the animal.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 80‑61;

Eff. April 1, 1984.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52F ‑ PEN‑RAISED QUAIL

 

02 NCAC 52F .0101          DEFINITIONS

The following definitions will pertain to this entire Chapter:

(1)           "Person" means any individual, firm or corporation.

(2)           "Quail" means any and all species of quail.

(3)           "Permit" means a permit to process for the purpose of sale and to offer for sale pen‑raised quail for consumption as food, issued by the N.C. Department of Agriculture.

(4)           "Pen‑raised quail" means any and all quail which have been propagated in captivity.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.94;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

02 NCAC 52F .0102          REGISTRATION

Any person who processes for the purpose of sale any pen‑raised quail for use as food shall register with the Department of Agriculture.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.94; S.L. 1977, c. 905;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52F .0103          PEN‑RAISED QUAIL OFFERED FOR SALE

The dressed carcasses of pen‑raised quail shall be offered for sale only when sealed in not readily resealable containers which shall bear a printed legend showing the name and address of the processor holding a valid permit. The label may clearly indicate the species of quail in the container and shall clearly indicate that the contents are not wild game either by the use of the words "Pen‑Raised," "Farm Raised" or other similar wording approved by the Commissioner of Agriculture.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.94; S.L. 1977, c. 905;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52F .0104          RECORD REQUIREMENTS

The processor shall be required to maintain records containing the number of pen‑raised quail sold for use as food, the date of each sale, and the name and address of the buyer.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.94; S.L. 1977, c. 905;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52F .0105          RECORDS INSPECTION

The records hereby required shall be supported by copies of receipts, invoices, bills of sale, or other written vouchers, and shall be made available for inspection at any reasonable time on request by any authorized agent of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Such records and vouchers shall be retained and made available for inspection for a minimum of one year following any sale or the expiration of the permit under which pen‑raised quail are sold for consumption as food.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.94; S.L. 1977, c. 905;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52F .0106          RESALE

Persons offering quail for resale shall maintain the quail carcasses in the sealed containers in which they are purchased.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑549.94; S.L. 1977, c. 905;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52G ‑ BIOLOGICS

 

SECTION .0100 ‑ DEFINITIONS

 

02 NCAC 52G .0101         DEFINITIONS

The following definitions are applicable throughout this Subchapter:

(1)           "Person" means and includes an individual corporation, partnership, or other legal entity.

(2)           "Expiration Date" means the end of the period in which the biological product properly stored and handled, can with reasonable certainty, yield the result expected.

(3)           "Commissioner" means the North Carolina Commissioner of Agriculture.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑712;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

02 NCAC 52G .0102         DEFINITION ADOPTED BY REFERENCE

The definitions contained in 9 CFR 101.4 (labeling terminology) are hereby adopted by reference, except that reference to Veterinary Services shall be interpreted to mean the N.C. Department of Agriculture. Copies of these definitions are available in the office of the State Veterinarian.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑712;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0200 ‑ LICENSES

 

02 NCAC 52G .0201         BIOLOGICS PRODUCTION LICENSE APPLICATION AND FEES

(a)  An application for an initial license to produce biologics shall be accompanied by an application fee of one hundred dollars ($100.00) and a license fee of one hundred dollars ($100.00).

(b)  Applications for a license to produce biologics shall contain all of the following:

(1)           the name and address of the person who owns the establishment proposed to produce biologics;

(2)           the name and address of the person in charge of biologics production;

(3)           the type(s) of biologics to be produced;

(4)           a full description of the building, including its location, facilities, equipment, and apparatus to be used in biologics production; and

(5)           such other information as may be required by the Commissioner.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑710; 106‑712; 106‑713;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52G .0202         LICENSING CRITERIA FOR PRODUCTION ESTABLISHMENTS

(a)  All establishments producing biologics shall be located in a facility that is a permanent fixture.

(b)  All establishments shall be properly equipped to produce the product(s) for which they are registered.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑712; 106‑713;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52G .0203         LICENSES

A license is not transferable as to location or ownership. Change in equity ownership, directly or by sale or transfer of a controlling stock interest or change in location, requires a new license and fee. An annual license renewal fee of one hundred dollars ($100.00) is payable to the N.C. Department of Agriculture on or before July 1 of each year.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑710; 106‑712; 106‑713;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

SECTION .0300 ‑ INSPECTION AND RECORD KEEPING

 

02 NCAC 52G .0301         INSPECTIONS

(a)  Upon receipt of an application for a license to produce biologics and the appropriate application fee, the director or his authorized agent shall inspect the establishment.

(b)  An authorized representative of the Commissioner shall be permitted to enter an establishment producing registered biologics at any reasonable hour and inspect without previous notification the entire premises of such establishment and all records maintained relative to the condition of animals maintained, biologic production, spoilage, and distribution, as well as any other premises where the registrant may have placed any such products, records, or animals.

(c)  The licensed manufacturer shall provide upon request and without cost to the Commissioner samples of stock cultures, other material, or finished product from his establishment and all firms or persons storing or selling the manufacturer's registered biologics; and shall also provide in contracts with distributors that the Commissioner may take such samples without charge to the Commissioner.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑712; 106‑713;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52G .0302         RECORDS AND SAMPLES

Each establishment licensed by the Commissioner shall maintain, as to each registered biologic, records of the source of stock cultures, methods of preparation, results of tests for purity and safety of each serial of biologics produced and the sale, shipment, or other disposition of the above.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑712; 106‑713;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52G .0303         PROTECTION OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

Information submitted by producers, handlers, dealers, distributors, vendors, manufacturers, or users of biologics herein referred to shall be treated as confidential information to the extent that the release thereof will divulge the contents or formulation of such product.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑712;

Eff. April 1, 1984.

 

SECTION .0400 ‑ REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICS

 

02 NCAC 52G .0401         BIOLOGICS REQUIRING REGISTRATION

(a)  Each biologic produced in an establishment licensed by the Commissioner shall be separately registered, except as provided in (b) and (c) of this Rule.

(b)  Biologics produced by a licensed veterinarian for prevention or treatment of disease in animals which are under his care and are administered only by him or under his supervision to such animals need not be registered.

(c)  Biologics which are produced pursuant to 9 CFR 102.5 (U.S. Veterinary Biological Product License) need not be registered with the Commissioner.

(d)  The Commissioner may require registration of any biologic when he determines it necessary to prevent the spread or introduction of infection or disease and to assure its safe and effective use.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑709; 106‑712;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. April 1, 1985;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52G .0402         APPLICATIONS FOR REGISTRATION

(a)  Each application for registration of a biologic shall include a detailed protocol of methods of production which shall specify, as a minimum, the source and type of biologic material used to produce the product and methods used to determine purity and safety of the product during manufacture and distribution.

(b)  Each application for registration of a biologic shall include a sample of the label to be used, which shall specify, as a minimum:

(1)           the name of the product;

(2)           the name of the person producing the biologic as it appears on the license;

(3)           the date the product was manufactured;

(4)           the expiration date;

(5)           the lot number; and

(6)           conditions of use.

(c)  Each application for registration of a biologic shall include such other information as required by the Commissioner to determine if a product may be hazardous to human or animal health.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑709; 106‑712;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52G .0403         REGISTRATION

(a)  Registration of a biologic shall be approved when the applicant provides such information concerning protocols, source of biologic agents, purity and safety as may be required by these Rules.

(b)  Upon approval, a biologic shall be registered upon receipt of a fifty dollar ($50.00) fee.

(c)  The registration of a biologic shall specify the conditions of use and period for which the registration is granted.

(d)  No change in composition, protocol of production or labeling of a biologic registered by the Commissioner shall be made without prior approval of the Commissioner.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑709; 106‑710; 106‑712; 106‑713; 106‑715;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52H ‑ GARBAGE FED SWINE

 

02 NCAC 52H .0101         DEFINITIONS

The following definition is in effect throughout this Subchapter: "Garbage Feeding" means to feed garbage to swine, to offer garbage to swine, to make garbage available to swine, to allow swine to have access to garbage and/or similar acts wherein swine may consume or contact garbage, including garbage‑contaminated equipment and products.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.1; 106‑405.8;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. October 1, 1987;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

02 NCAC 52H .0102         PERMIT FOR FEEDING GARBAGE TO SWINE

(a)  No person shall feed garbage to swine without first obtaining a permit therefor from the North Carolina Commissioner of Agriculture; provided that a permit is not required of any individual who feeds only his own household garbage to his own swine. Applications for permits to feed garbage shall be made in writing on forms furnished by the State Veterinarian and shall include the name and address of the applicant, the location of the feeding premises, number of swine usually fed, origin of garbage collected, type of collecting and cooking equipment and similar information. The Commissioner of Agriculture or his authorized agent, the State Veterinarian, may require a survey of the garbage‑feeding premises and equipment, by a state or federal inspector, prior to issuing the permit.

(b)  It is the policy of the Veterinary Division that in all cases, a survey of garbage feeding premises and equipment is made prior to issuance of a permit.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.2; 106‑405.8;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52H .0103         COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION OF GARBAGE

(a)  Trucks, vehicles, cans, barrels, vats or other equipment used for the collection and transportation of garbage shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner, and such vehicles and equipment shall not be used for any other purposes until cleaned and disinfected. All cans, barrels, vats or other containers shall be leak‑proof and fitted with lids or other approved covers necessary to prevent spillage. No garbage, either raw or cooked, originating in any other state shall be fed to swine in North Carolina except upon written authorization by the State Veterinarian. The State Veterinarian is authorized to require processing or reprocessing by heat‑treatment of all garbage originating in another state or originating in an area owned or under control of the United States armed forces or other agencies of the United States Government. The owners or agents in charge of vehicles transporting garbage shall furnish any authorized state or federal inspector information as to the origin and destination of the garbage. Upon written or verbal request, any person disposing of garbage shall furnish the State Veterinarian or his authorized agent the name and address of the garbage collector and the approximate hour of collection. Garbage collected and transported for the purpose of feeding to swine in violation of the Garbage Feeding Law (G.S. 106‑405.1‑ 106‑405.9) and/or rules and regulations shall be disposed of by burial or other approved methods as directed by authorized state and federal inspectors.

(b)  Policy of the veterinary division dictates that the State Veterinarian does not authorize the feeding of garbage originating outside of this state to be fed to swine in North Carolina. No exception is made to the required heat treatment of garbage prior to being fed to swine.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.8;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52H .0104         SANITATION AND MANAGEMENT

(a)  The garbage feeding premises shall be kept in a clean and sanitary manner and properly drained. The holding pens and feed lots shall be well constructed of suitable materials so as to prevent the escape of swine, including baby pigs. The fences and gates shall be kept in good repair and escape proof from bottom to top. Swine shall not have access to the area where raw garbage is transported, unloaded and cooked. The feeding platforms or troughs shall be constructed of concrete, wood or other impervious material and of sufficient size and dimensions to accommodate the swine herd. The troughs shall be secured so as to prevent turning over and contaminating the soil. Raw garbage collected shall be heat‑treated within twenty‑four hours and kept covered until processed. Effective rodent, vermin and fly control measures shall be practiced. An adequate water supply shall be available on the garbage feeding premises. Containers and other utensils used in transferring cooked garbage to the feeding platforms or troughs shall not be contaminated with raw garbage. The feeding of garbage on the ground is prohibited. Garbage shall not be allowed to accumulate on the platform, in the feed trough or in and around the pens. Spilled garbage and waste garbage shall be buried outside the pens or feed lots. Rubbish, trash, bones, dead animals and other objectionable materials shall be removed from the feed lots and adjacent premises at frequent intervals and disposed of by burning, burial or other approved methods. The garbage feeding of swine shall be separate and apart from other livestock. No garbage feeding operation shall be maintained within 300 feet of non‑garbage fed swine unless a specific written permit shall have been obtained first from the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative.

(b)  A written permit for the maintenance of a garbage feeding operation of swine within 300 feet of non‑garbage fed swine will not be issued by the State Veterinarian or his authorized representative unless a barrier sufficient to prevent the movement of men and animals has been erected and the owner of the non‑garbage fed swine has given his approval in writing.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.5; 106‑405.8;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52H .0105         GARBAGE COOKING EQUIPMENT AND OPERATIONS

(a)  Garbage cooking equipment shall be located 15 or more feet from the feed lots and so placed that raw garbage may be emptied into the cooker without passing through or contaminating the feed lots. The garbage cooking vats or other equipment shall be fitted with a metal or other approved removable cover. The size of the vat or other cooking equipment shall be determined by the amount of garbage processed and the heating facilities shall be adequate to heat‑treat all parts of the garbage at a temperature of 212 degrees F. for 30 minutes or longer.

(b)  Vats or other cooking equipment using direct fire for heat‑treatment shall be enclosed in a fire box or furnace with a minimum of one and one‑half inch direct fire space on each side, each end and extending a minimum of two inches above the top level of the garbage, during cooking operations. Drums if used shall be cut horizontally and enclosed in a fire box or furnace and fitted with a cover as prescribed for vats and other cooking equipment. The cooking equipment shall be provided with a shelter or other suitable covering for proper heat‑treatment during all types of weather.

(c)  Boilers and steam generating equipment shall be adequate in size and capacity to heat‑treat the raw garbage of each processing operation. The steam pipes used in the cooking equipment shall be adequate in size and properly spaced with end valves, if required, and approved by the inspector. Inspectors shall provide a detailed diagram showing proper methods of both steam heat‑treatment and open fire heat‑treatment of garbage.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.6; 106‑405.8;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52H .0106         CHANGES IN SPECIFICATIONS FOR COOKING EQUIPMENT

Changes in specifications for cooking equipment and methods (as specified in 2 NCAC 7E .0105) may be permitted by the State Veterinarian when it will not affect the efficiency of cooking and operation.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.8;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52H .0107         MOVEMENT: SALE AND QUARANTINE OF GARBAGE‑FED SWINE

(a)  Swine which have been fed garbage shall be sold only for direct movement to a slaughtering establishment. They shall not be used for other than immediate slaughter and at the time of sale shall be identified by the garbage feeding permit number on the bill of sale.

(b)  No garbage‑fed swine shall be moved or transported except in compliance with the federal regulations and with the law and rules and regulations of the state of destination.

(c)  Swine fed on raw garbage, improperly cooked garbage and/or fed or held on premises in violation of the Garbage Feeding Law and/or rules and regulations shall be subject to quarantine. The State Veterinarian is authorized to permit the movement of garbage‑fed swine to isolated premises and subject to quarantine. The movement and/or sale of garbage‑fed swine, including swine fed on individual household garbage and all other swine, shall be subject to the emergency rules and regulations established by the Commissioner of Agriculture for the control and eradication of vesicular diseases.

(d)  A permit to move swine under quarantine because of having been fed raw garbage will be issued by the State Veterinarian when movement can be accomplished without risking the exposure of other animals.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.8;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52H .0108         EXEMPTIONS

The Commissioner of Agriculture or his authorized representative will exempt from the definition of garbage the waste resulting from the processing of seafood when it can be determined that the waste is not contaminated with, or has not been exposed to, other material classified as garbage.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.1;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52H .0109         BOILING GARBAGE

Boiling garbage for 30 minutes is an acceptable alternate to heating garbage to 212 degrees F. for 30 minutes, provided that all parts of the garbage reach the temperature of boiling for 30 minutes.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑405.6;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52I ‑ RENDERING PLANTS

 

02 NCAC 52I .0101           PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR NEW PLANTS

Each applicant for a license for a proposed new rendering plant (one not in operation prior to January 1, 1953) shall, at the time of applying for license, furnish the Commissioner of Agriculture a full set of blue‑prints showing detailed plans and specifications for such rendering plant and its equipment. Such plans and specifications shall clearly indicate the intended use of buildings and equipment and the construction standards required. Any contemplated use of the plant and equipment not indicated in either the application for license or in the plans and specifications shall be brought to the attention of the rendering plant inspection committee.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.4; 106‑168.12;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

02 NCAC 52I .0102           NEW PLANT INSPECTION

The operator of a new plant, upon beginning operations, shall notify the Commissioner of Agriculture, who shall cause an operating inspection to be made by the Committee.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.8; 106‑168.12;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52I .0103           BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS

(a)  There shall be no access openings directly from the raw materials department to the cooked material department.

(b)  Floor surfaces shall be graded and constructed so as to provide drainage away from the cooked material room. Drainage outlets shall be of sufficient size to properly carry off all waste and fluids. Disposal lines shall have adequate clean‑out arrangements. A grease trap shall be installed between intake and final effluent outlet on each drainage or sewer line carrying waste and/or fluids containing grease.

(c)  Live steam or hot water shall be available in ample supply for washing and sterilizing walls, floors, platforms, raw material containers and/or equipment, and vehicle bodies.

(d)  Ground or premises of rendering plants shall be surfaced with concrete or other impervious material where there is possibility of contamination, by seepage or otherwise, from blood, raw material or truck wash water.

(e)  Underground drainage shall be provided where necessary on the premises to prevent puddling of fluids produced through operations.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.8; 106‑168.12;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52I .0104           PLANT OPERATIONS

(a)  "Approved Methods" for processing, as required in Paragraph 7 of G.S. 106‑168.8, shall be interpreted as meaning that the raw materials shall be heat treated at a sufficient temperature and for a sufficient time to destroy all disease producing organisms.

(b)  Outside storage areas for building materials, drums, machinery, other equipment and supplies shall be so arranged and maintained as not to create an unsightly appearance or provide hiding and breeding places for rodents, flies and other vermin.

(c)  Buildings and premises shall be kept as clean and neat as practicable under good operational practices.

(d)  Skinning and cutting room floors and walls, and the waste from raw materials, shall be frequently disinfected with disinfectants approved by the inspection committee.

(e)  Disinfectant stations for employees shall be conveniently located.

(f)  Employees in contact with raw material shall wash and disinfect their hands and other contaminated parts of their bodies before coming in contact with the finished product of any portion of the plant where finished products are located. Likewise, employees shall change or disinfect their rubber boots, rubber shoes, gloves or any other wearing apparel which has been in contact with raw material before having contact with finished products or before entering any portion of the plant where finished products are located.

(g)  Rubber boots or rubber shoes shall be worn by employees working in the raw material section of a rendering plant.

(h)  Trash and waste shall be disposed of daily by burning, burying or by other means approved by the Committee.

(i)  Domestic animals shall not be allowed on the premises except those owned by persons living on the premises. No domestic animals shall be allowed to come in contact with raw material.

(j)  Raw material shall not be allowed to remain at a collecting station for more than 12 hours unless kept under satisfactory refrigeration.

(k)  Copies of the law and the rules and regulations relating to rendering plants shall be made available and explained to employees in order that they may cooperate in carrying them out.

(l)  Sprinklers or spray equipment for disinfecting purposes shall be kept in or conveniently near the raw material department.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.8; 106‑168.12;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52I .0105           OPERATION OF TRUCKS

(a)  Each truck or other vehicle used for collecting or transporting raw material shall be identified by a legible sign on both sides of the body or on the right and left doors of the driver's cab, setting forth the name and address and the license number of the rendering plant or collector operating such truck or other vehicle; or identified by other methods which shall be approved by the inspection committee.

(b)  Each truck or other vehicle transporting dead animals shall carry at all times sprinklers or spray equipment containing a disinfectant approved by the Committee.

(c)  The driver of a dead stock truck and the assistant or assistants on such truck shall wear rubber boots which shall be disinfected prior to entry on each farm.

(d)  After the inside and other contaminated parts of vehicles used in transporting raw materials have been steamed or washed, they shall be disinfected with disinfectants approved by the Committee.

(e)  Non‑resident collectors operating in North Carolina shall comply with the laws, rules and regulations governing the collection and transportation of raw material to be processed or rendered. Non‑resident owned or operated vehicles used or to be used in collecting raw material in North Carolina or in transporting raw material within the state for delivery to rendering plants located in other states shall, on the request of the North Carolina Commissioner of Agriculture, be assembled at a designated time and place for initial and subsequent inspections by the Committee.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.8; 106‑168.12;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52I .0106           RECORDS AND REPORTS OF DEAD ANIMALS COLLECTED

Rendering plant operators and collectors shall keep a record of dead animals collected showing the names and addresses of the owners and the kind of animals collected. Operators and collectors shall also file with the State Veterinarian, State Department of Agriculture, Raleigh, North Carolina, monthly reports within 15 days after the end of each month giving a summary of the number and kind of dead animals collected. More frequent reports shall be made on request of the State Veterinarian.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.10; 106‑168.12;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52I .0107           REINSPECTION

Pursuant to G.S. 106‑168.6, a second inspection of a site, buildings, equipment, etc., that failed to be certified upon completion of a first inspection, shall be made by the Committee within 20 days after the plant owner notifies the Commissioner that deficiencies have been corrected.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.6; 106‑168.12;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52I .0108           APPROVED DISINFECTANTS

Any disinfectant listed on the USDA list of approved disinfectants as reproduced in 2 NCAC 52B .0503 is approved by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture for the purpose of disinfecting trucks engaged in rendering operations. A pressure spray device capable of covering all surfaces of a vehicle or container used in transporting raw material is approved for applying disinfectant.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑168.8; 106‑168.12;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 26, 2017.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52J ‑ ANIMAL WELFARE SECTION

 

SECTION .0100 ‑ RECORD KEEPING AND LICENSING

 

02 NCAC 52J .0101          records; animal shelters, etc.

Operators of all animal shelters, pet shops, public auctions, and dealers shall maintain records on all dogs and cats showing the following:

(1)           origin of animals (including names and addresses of consignors) and date animals were received;

(2)           description of animals including species, age, sex, breed, and color markings;

(3)           location of animal if not kept at the licensed or registered facility;

(4)           disposition of animals including name and address of person to whom animal is sold, traded or adopted and the date of such transaction; in the event of death, the record shall show the date, signs of illness, or cause of death if identified; if euthanized, the record shall show date and type of euthanasia; and

(5)           record of veterinary care including treatments, immunization and date, time, description of medication (including name and dosage), and initials of person administering any product or procedure.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005; April 1, 1985.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0102          RECORDS; BOARDING KENNELS

Operators of boarding kennels shall maintain records of all dogs and cats showing the following:

(1)           name and address of owner or person responsible for animal, the date of entry and signature and address of individual to whom animal is released and the date of release;

(2)           description of animal including breed, sex, age and color marking; and

(3)           veterinary care provided while boarded, which shall include date, times, description of medication (including name and dosage) and initials of person administering product or procedure.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0103          inspection of RECORDS

All operators of animal shelters, pet shops, boarding kennels, public auctions, and persons operating as dealers shall make all required records available to the director or his authorized representative on request, during the business and cleaning hours listed on the license application.  The operator must be able to match each animal to its record upon request.  Records shall be maintained for a period of one year after the animal is released.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24; 19A-25;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005; April 1, 1985.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0104          DEFINITIONS

As used in this Subchapter:

(1)           "Accessories" means any objects used in cleaning and sanitizing primary enclosures, exercise areas, or objects to which an animal may have access, including, but not limited to toys, blankets, food and water utensils, and bedding.

(2)           "Adequate" means a condition which, when met, does not jeopardize an animal's comfort, safety or health.

(3)           "Cage" means a primary enclosure which is enclosed on all sides and also on the top and bottom.

(4)           "Husbandry" means the practice of daily care administered to animals.

(5)           "Isolation" means the setting apart of an animal from all other animals, food, and equipment in the facility for the sole purpose of preventing the spread of disease.

(6)           "License period" means July 1 through June 30.

(7)           "Long term care" means the housing of an animal for a period of more than 30 consecutive days.

(8)           "Properly cleaned" means the removal of carcasses, debris, food waste, excrement, or other organic material with adequate frequency.

(9)           "Social interaction" means friendly physical contact or play between animals of the same species or with a person.

(10)         "Suitable method of drainage" means drainage that allows for the elimination of water and waste products, prevents contamination of animals, allows animals to remain dry, and complies with applicable building codes and local ordinances.

(11)         "Supervision of animals" means one person (at least 16 years of age) present, at all times, able to directly view each enclosure or common area.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. January 1, 2005.

 

SECTION .0200 ‑ FACILITIES AND OPERATING STANDARDS

 

02 NCAC 52J .0201          GENERAL

(a)  Housing facilities for dogs and cats shall be structurally sound and maintained in good repair to protect the animals from injury, contain the animals and restrict the entrance of other animals and people.

(b)  All light fixtures and electrical outlets in animal areas shall be in compliance with the State Building Code.

(c)  Facilities shall have reliable and safe electric power as necessary to comply with the Animal Welfare Act.

(d)  Supplies of food and bedding shall be stored in facilities which adequately protect such supplies against infestation or contamination by vermin and insects.  All open bags of food shall be stored in airtight containers with lids.  Refrigeration shall be provided for supplies of perishable food.

(e)  Provisions shall be made for the daily removal and disposal of animal and food waste, bedding and debris from the housing facility in accordance with local ordinances, to assure facility will be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner.

(f)  Hot and cold running, potable water must be available.  Facilities such as washroom, basin or sink shall be provided to maintain cleanliness among animal caretakers, animals, and animal food and water receptacles.

(g)  Each facility shall have the ability to confirm ambient temperature.

(h)  A separate five-foot perimeter fence is required if any animals have access to an outdoor enclosure, including unsupervised exercise areas.

(i)  An adequate drainage system must be provided for the housing facility.

(j)  All areas of a facility are subject to review or inspection by North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services employees during normal business hours (8:00 a.m. through 5:30 p.m. Monday through Friday).

(k)  All animals in a facility are subject to the requirements of the Animal Welfare Act, regardless of ownership.

(l)  A licensee or registrant shall comply with all federal, state and local laws, rules and ordinances relating to or affecting the welfare of dogs and cats in its facility.

(m)  No dog or cat shall be in a window display except during business hours and then only in compliance with standards set forth in this Section.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A‑24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0202          INDOOR FACILITIES

(a)  Indoor housing facilities for dogs and cats shall be adequately heated and cooled when necessary to protect the dogs and cats from cold and excessive heat and provide for their health and comfort.  The ambient temperature shall not be allowed to fall below 50 degrees F. or exceed 85 degrees F.

(b)  Indoor housing facilities for dogs and cats shall be adequately ventilated to provide for the health and comfort of the animals at all times.  The facilities shall be provided with fresh air either by means of windows, doors, vents or air conditioning and shall be ventilated so as to minimize drafts.  Air flow shall be adequate to minimize odors and moisture condensation. 

(c)  Indoor housing facilities for dogs and cats shall have adequate illumination to permit routine inspections, maintenance, cleaning and housekeeping of the facility and observation of the animals.  Illumination shall provide regular diurnal lighting cycles of either natural or artificial light, uniformly diffused throughout the animal facilities.

(d)  Interior building surfaces of indoor facilities with which animals come in contact shall be constructed and maintained so that they are impervious to moisture, and can be readily sanitized.

(e)  A suitable method of drainage shall be provided to rapidly eliminate excess water from an indoor housing facility.  If closed drain systems are used, they shall be equipped with traps and installed to prevent odors and backup of sewage.  The drainage system shall be constructed to prevent cross-contamination among animals.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0203          OUTDOOR FACILITIES

(a)  In outdoor facilities that are subject to the Animal Welfare Act, primary enclosures and walkways with which an animal comes in contact shall be constructed of sealed concrete or other surfaces impervious to moisture.  Gravel may be used if maintained at a minimum depth of six inches and kept in a sanitary manner.

(b)  Dogs and cats kept outdoors shall be provided housing to allow them to remain dry and comfortable during inclement weather.  Housing shall be constructed of material which is impervious to moisture and which can be disinfected.  One house shall be available for each animal within each enclosure except for a mother and its unweaned offspring.

(c)  In addition to housing, the enclosure shall provide protection from excessive sun and inclement weather.

(d)  Animal owners shall be advised at the time of reservation and admission if the animal will be kept in outside facilities.

(e)  A suitable method of drainage shall be provided.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. March 23, 2009; January 1, 2005.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0204          PRIMARY ENCLOSURES

(a)  Primary enclosures shall be constructed so as to prevent contamination from waste and wastewater from animals in other enclosures.  All surfaces with which an animal comes in contact shall be impervious to moisture.  For primary enclosures placed into service on or after January 1, 2005, no wood shall be within the animal's reach.  For primary enclosures in use in a licensed or registered facility prior to January 1, 2005, any damaged wood must be replaced in a manner that does not permit contact with wood by the animal.

(b)  Primary enclosures for dogs and cats shall be structurally sound and maintained in good repair and in a manner to prevent injury to animals and keep other animals out.  Primary enclosures shall be constructed so as to provide space to allow each dog or cat to walk, urn about freely, and to easily stand, sit, or lie in a natural position.  The height of a primary enclosure other than a cage shall be no less than five feet.  All enclosures shall be constructed to prevent the escape of animals.

(c)  Each primary enclosure shall be provided with a solid resting surface or surfaces adequate to comfortably hold all occupants of the primary enclosure at the same time.  All resting surfaces must be of a non-porous or easily sanitized material, such as a towel, or a disposable material such as newspaper.  The resting surface or surfaces shall be elevated in primary enclosures housing two or more cats.

(d)  In addition to Paragraph  (b) of this Rule, each dog shall be provided a minimum square footage of floor space equal to the mathematical square of the sum of the length of the dog in inches, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, plus six inches, then divide the product by 144.  The calculation is: (length of dog in inches + 6) x (length of dog in inches + 6) = required floor space in square inches.  Required floor space in square inches ÷ 144 = required floor space in square feet.  The calculation shall be expressed in square feet.  Not more than four adult dogs shall be housed in the same primary enclosure without supervision.

(e)  If more than four dogs are housed in a common area or enclosure, then there must be at least one person supervising each 10 dogs housed within each enclosure or common area.

(f)  In addition to Paragraph (b) of this Rule, each feline older than six months housed in any primary enclosure shall be provided a minimum of four square feet of floor space which may include elevated resting surfaces.  Each feline younger than six months shall be provided 1.5 square feet.  Not more than 12 cats shall be housed in the same primary enclosure.

(g)  In all cat enclosures, a receptacle containing clean litter shall be provided for waste.  A minimum of one receptacle per three cats is required.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005; April 1, 1985.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0205          FEEDING

(a)  Dogs and cats shall be fed at least once each 24-hour period except as otherwise might be required to provide adequate veterinary care.  Food shall be commercially prepared food which complies with laws applicable to animal feed or the food shall be provided by the owner.  The food shall be free from contamination, wholesome, palatable, and of adequate quality and quantity appropriate for the given size, age, and condition of an animal to meet the daily requirements for nutritional value.  Puppies and kittens less than six months of age shall be fed at least twice in each 24-hour period.  An eight-hour interval between feedings is required if only two feedings are offered in a 24-hour period.

(b)  Food receptacles shall be accessible to all dogs or cats and shall be located so as to minimize contamination by waste.  For every adult animal, there must be at least one food receptacle offered.  Food receptacles shall be durable and shall be kept clean and sanitized.  Damaged receptacles shall be replaced.  Disposable food receptacles may be used but must be discarded after each feeding.

(c)  Food and water receptacles in outdoor facilities shall be protected from the elements.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A‑24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005; April 1, 1985.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0206          WATERING

Animals shall have continuous access to fresh water, except as might otherwise be required to provide adequate veterinary care.  Watering receptacles shall be durable and kept clean and sanitized.  Damaged receptacles shall be replaced.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0207          SANITATION

(a)  Waste shall be removed from primary enclosures and exercise areas to prevent contamination of the dogs or cats contained therein and to reduce disease hazards and odors.  Enclosures and exercise areas for dogs and cats must be properly cleaned a minimum of two times per day.  The animal must be able to walk or lie down without coming in contact with any waste or debris.  When a hosing or flushing method is used for cleaning an enclosure, dogs or cats contained therein shall be removed during the cleaning process, and adequate measures shall be taken to protect the animals in other such enclosures from being contaminated with water and other wastes.

(b)  Sanitation shall be as follows:

(1)           Prior to the introduction of dogs or cats into empty primary enclosures previously occupied, enclosures and accessories shall be sanitized in the manner provided in Subparagraph (b)(3) of this Rule.

(2)           In addition to primary enclosures being properly cleaned a minimum of two times per day, enclosures and accessories shall be sanitized a minimum of once every seven days in the manner provided in Subparagraph (b)(3) of this Rule if the same animal is housed in the same enclosure more than seven days.

(3)           Cages, rooms and hard‑surfaced pens or runs shall be sanitized by:

(A)          washing them with hot water (180 degrees F.) and soap or detergent as in a mechanical cage washer; or

(B)          washing all soiled surfaces with a detergent solution to remove all organic matter followed by application of a safe and effective disinfectant; or

(C)          cleaning all soiled surfaces with live steam.

(4)           Food and water receptacles shall be sanitized daily with hot water, detergent, and disinfectant.

(5)           Soiled linens and cloth products shall be mechanically washed with detergent and sanitized.

(6)           Any area accessible to multiple animals shall be kept clean and sanitary.

(c)  Premises (buildings and grounds) shall be kept clean and in good repair in order to protect the animals from injury and to facilitate the prescribed husbandry practices set forth in this Rule.  Premises shall remain free of accumulations of trash, junk, waste products, and discarded matter.  Weeds, grasses, and bushes must be controlled so as to facilitate cleaning of the premises and to improve pest control, and to protect the health and well-being of the animals.

(d)  An effective program for the control of insects, ectoparasites, and avian and mammalian pests shall be established and maintained.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005; April 1, 1985.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0208          EMPLOYEES

A sufficient number of employees shall be utilized to maintain the prescribed level of husbandry practices set forth in this Rule.  Such practices shall be under the supervision of an animal caretaker who has a background in animal husbandry or care.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A‑24;

Eff. April 1, 1984.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0209          CLASSIFICATION AND SEPARATION

Animals housed in the same primary enclosure shall be maintained in compatible groups, with the following additional restrictions:

(1)           Females in season (estrus) shall not be housed in the same primary enclosure with males, except for planned breeding purposes.  Breeding shall not be allowed in animal shelters.

(2)           In boarding kennels, animals of different owners shall not have contact with other animals, unless written permission is obtained from the animal's owner.  Any dog or cat exhibiting an aggressive disposition shall be housed individually in a primary enclosure.

(3)           Puppies or kittens less than four months of age shall not be housed in the same primary enclosure with adult dogs or cats other than their dams, except when permanently maintained in breeding colonies, or if requested in writing, by the animals' owner, as in a boarding kennel.  Puppies or kittens between 4 and 16 weeks of age shall have daily access to human social interaction, excluding animals which pose a danger to humans or other animals.

(4)           Dogs shall not be housed in the same primary enclosure with cats, nor shall dogs or cats be housed in the same primary enclosure with any other species of animals.  Exceptions are allowed at boarding kennels, if requested in writing by the animals' owner.

(5)           All facilities shall designate an isolation area for animals being treated or observed for communicable diseases.  Dogs or cats in isolation that are being treated for a communicable disease shall be separated from other dogs or cats and other susceptible species of animals in such a manner as to minimize dissemination of such disease.  A sign shall be posted at the cage or isolation area when in use, giving notice of a communicable disease.

(6)           Animals in long term care which are intended for adoption or sale must be provided the following:

(a)           Daily access to both human and same species social interaction.

(b)           Daily access to space other than the primary enclosure.

(c)           A species and size-appropriate toy, unless it poses a health threat.

(7)           All animals shall be confined in primary enclosures or exercise areas.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2005.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0210          VETERINARY CARE

(a)  A written program of veterinary care to include disease control and prevention, vaccination, euthanasia, and adequate veterinary care shall be established with the assistance of a licensed veterinarian by any person who is required to be licensed or registered under the Animal Welfare Act, Article 3 of Chapter 19A of the General Statutes.

(b)  If there is a disease problem that persists for more than 30 days at the facility, the facility operator shall obtain and follow a veterinarian's written recommendations for correcting the problem.

(c)  Each dog and cat shall be observed daily by the animal caretaker in charge, or by someone under his direct supervision.  Sick or diseased, injured, lame, or blind dogs or cats shall be provided with veterinary care or be euthanized, provided that this shall not affect compliance with any state or local law requiring the holding, for a specified period, of animals suspected of being diseased.  If euthanasia is performed at a certified facility, a list of personnel approved to perform euthanasia shall be maintained in a Policy and Procedure Manual as described in 02 NCAC 52J .0800.  Diseased or deformed animals shall be sold or adopted only under the policy set forth in the "Program of Veterinary Care."  Full written disclosure of the medical condition of the animal shall be provided to the new owner.

(d)  All animals in a licensed or registered facility shall be in compliance with the North Carolina rabies law, G.S. 130A, Article 6, Part 6.  However, no shelter shall be disapproved following inspection or otherwise cited for failure to inoculate any dog or cat known to be less than 12 weeks old or until such animals have been in the shelter at least 15 days.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. March 23, 2009; January 1, 2005.

 

SECTION .0300 ‑ TRANSPORTATION STANDARDS

 

02 NCAC 52J .0301          VEHICLES

(a)  Vehicles used in transporting dogs and cats shall be mechanically sound and equipped to provide fresh air to all animals transported without harmful drafts.

(b)  The animal cargo space shall be constructed and maintained so as to prevent engine exhaust fumes from getting to the animals.

(c)  The interior of the animal cargo space shall be kept clean.  It shall be sanitized as deemed necessary.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A‑24;

Eff. April 1, 1984.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0302          PRIMARY ENCLOSURES USED IN TRANSPORTING DOGS AND CATS

(a)  Primary enclosures such as compartments or transport cages, cartons, or crates used by persons subject to the Animal Welfare Act to transport cats and dogs shall be constructed, ventilated and designed to protect the health and insure the safety of the animals.  Such enclosures shall be constructed or positioned in the vehicle in such a manner that:

(1)           Each animal in the vehicle has sufficient fresh air for normal breathing.

(2)           The openings of such enclosures are easily accessible for emergency removals at all times.

(3)           The animals are adequately protected from the elements.

The ambient temperature shall be maintained between 50 degrees F and 85 degrees F.  A shelter shall be deemed as being in compliance if its vehicles' animal containment units are equipped with operable air-conditioning, forced-air cooling and heating or other temperature control mechanisms.

(b)  Animals transported in the same primary enclosure shall be of the same species.  Puppies or kittens less than four months of age shall not be transported in the same primary enclosure with adult dogs and cats other than their dams.

(c)  Primary enclosures used to transport dogs and cats shall be large enough for each animal to turn about freely, and to easily stand, sit, or lie down in a natural position.  Primary enclosures used to transport dogs and cats shall be secured to the vehicle to prevent sliding or tipping of the enclosure during transit.

(d)  Animals shall not be placed in primary enclosures over other animals in transit unless such enclosure is constructed so as to prevent animal excreta from entering lower enclosures.

(e)  All primary enclosures used to transport dogs and cats shall be sanitized between use for shipments.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. April 1, 1984;

Amended Eff. March 23, 2009; January 1, 2005.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0303          FOOD AND WATER REQUIREMENTS

If dogs and cats are transported for a period of more than 12 hours:

(1)           The vehicle shall stop at least once every 12 hours for a period of one hour.  During the one hour stop, potable water shall be continuously provided for dogs and cats.

(2)           Adult dogs and cats shall be fed at least once during each 24 hour period.  Puppies and kittens less than six months of age shall be fed every six hours.

(3)           Dogs shall be removed from the vehicle, given fresh water and given the opportunity for exercise if they have been confined in the vehicle for 36 hours.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A‑24;

Eff. April 1, 1984.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0304          CARE IN TRANSIT

It shall be the responsibility of the attendant or driver to inspect animals frequently enough to assure health and comfort and to determine if they need emergency care and to obtain it if needed.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A‑24;

Eff. April 1, 1984.

 

SECTION .0400 - EUTHANASIA STANDARDS

 

02 NCAC 52J .0401          ADOPTION BY REFERENCE

A person required to obtain a certificate of registration pursuant to G.S. 19A, Article 3 may use any method of euthanasia approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), or the American Humane Association (AHA) which are hereby incorporated by reference, including subsequent amendments and editions.  Copies of these documents may be obtained as follows:

(1)           AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia may be accessed at no cost on their website at www.avma.org.

(2)           The HSUS Euthanasia Training Manual can be purchased through their website at www.hsus.org at a cost of nineteen dollars and ninety-five cents ($19.95).

(3)           The AHA publication, Euthanasia by Injection, can be purchased through their website at www.americanhumane.org at a cost of ten dollars ($10.00).

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0402          AUTHORIZED PERSONS

Only a Certified Euthanasia Technician, Probationary Euthanasia Technician, or a veterinarian licensed to practice veterinary medicine in North Carolina may euthanize an animal in a certified animal shelter.  A Certified Euthanasia Technician shall not euthanize animals using a method for which he or she is not currently certified except as specified in 02 NCAC 52J .0700.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0403          DEFINITIONS

As used in this Subchapter:

(1)           "Certified Euthanasia Technician" means a person employed by a certified facility who has been instructed in the proper methods of humane euthanasia, security and record keeping.

(2)           "Certified facility" means a certified animal shelter, kennel or pet shop that employs at least one Certified Euthanasia Technician or licensed veterinarian to perform euthanasia on animals at that certified facility.

(3)           "Approved Certified Euthanasia Technician trainer" means a person or organization that received permission from the Animal Welfare Section to provide training to applicants or individuals seeking to be Certified Euthanasia Technicians.

(4)           "Chemical Agent" means any chemical approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Humane Society of the United States or the American Humane Association which is used to induce death.

(5)           "Applicant" means a person seeking certification as a Euthanasia Technician.

(6)           "Commercially manufactured chamber" means a chamber built with the intention for sale with the purpose of euthanizing animals, and which meets the requirements of 02 NCAC 52J .0600.

(7)           "Conviction of a criminal offense" means being found guilty, convicted, placed on probation or entering a guilty plea that is accepted by the court, forfeiture of bail, bond or collateral deposited to secure one's own appearance in a criminal proceeding or having received a withheld judgment, prayer for judgment continued or suspended sentence by a court of competent jurisdiction in this state, in a federal court or another state of any felony, as described by federal or state law, or any criminal act that in any way is related to practicing as a Certified Euthanasia Technician.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0404          CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR EUTHANASIA TECHNICIANS

(a)  Individuals who perform euthanasia must be trained and qualified as a Certified Euthanasia Technician as set forth in this Section.

(b)  Individuals seeking certification as a Euthanasia Technician shall submit a written application documenting their qualifications to the Animal Welfare Section, North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 1030 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1030, on the form provided by the Animal Welfare Section.

(c)  The Animal Welfare Section shall receive and review all applications for Euthanasia Technician certification and determine whether or not to issue the individual applicant proof of certification in the form of a printed certificate.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0405          CERTIFICATION STANDARDS

Applicants for certification as a Certified Euthanasia Technician shall be at least 18 years of age at the date they receive certification.  Applicants are not eligible for certification if they have been convicted of a felony offense or a crime or infraction involving animal abuse or neglect and shall demonstrate compliance with this Section.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0406          APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS

An applicant for certification shall:

(1)           submit a completed and signed application form;

(2)           provide a document from an approved Certified Euthanasia Technician trainer establishing that the applicant has completed an approved course, passed the course written examination and passed a practical examination in the specific euthanasia techniques for which the applicant is seeking certification, or provide separate documentation of having taken an approved course and passed the written examination and having passed a practical examination given by a different approved Certified Euthanasia Technician trainer; and

(3)           specify in the application form the specific euthanasia techniques the applicant is requesting certification.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0407          TRAINING AND EXAMINATIONS

(a)  Training and examinations for euthanasia certification shall consist of:

(1)           Classroom lecture covering the entire list of subjects in Paragraph (b) of this Rule;

(2)           Earning a score of 80 percent correct on a written test provided by the Animal Welfare Section, demonstrating knowledge of the subjects listed in Paragraph (b) of this Rule; and

(3)           Passing a practical examination in each of the euthanasia methods for which the applicant is seeking certification.

(b)  The Animal Welfare Section shall develop Certified Euthanasia Technician training programs and materials or accredit training programs and materials to be offered by other individuals, schools, agencies or veterinary practices.  The programs and materials shall conform to the processes set forth by the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Humane Society of the United States or the American Humane Association and shall include the following topics:

(1)           The theory and history of euthanasia methods and practice;

(2)           Animal anatomy;

(3)           Proper animal restraint, handling and methods for controlling animal stress;

(4)           Proper chemical agent dosages, record keeping and usage documentation, chemical agent, instrument and equipment storage, handling and disposal in accordance with rules and the Code of Federal Regulations;

(5)           Proper injection techniques;

(6)           Proper euthanasia techniques not utilizing injected chemical agents;

(7)           Proper and accurate verification of animal death;

(8)           Proper record keeping;

(9)           Proper disposal of euthanized animals;

(10)         Stress management for euthanasia personnel;

(11)         Proper methods and techniques of euthanasia under extraordinary circumstances;

(12)         Proper methods, techniques and chemicals inducing anesthesia and sedation in animals prior to euthanasia; and

(13)         Proper methods, techniques and chemicals used in the practical examination section for Certified Euthanasia Technician.

(c)  The Animal Welfare Section shall prepare written examinations to be given to applicants.  Following the classroom training detailed in Paragraph (b) of this Rule, the applicant shall take a written examination provided by the Animal Welfare Section that will be used by the approved trainer.  Those passing the written examination are eligible for the practical examination of the methods of euthanasia for which the applicant seeks certification.

(d)  The applicant must pass a practical examination on each method of euthanasia for which he or she seeks certification.

(e)  Applicants for certification in Euthanasia by Injection shall demonstrate the following knowledge and competencies:

(1)           Correctly calculate chemical agent dosage based upon the species, age, weight and condition of the animal;

(2)           Correctly complete all required documentation;

(3)           Correctly draw the properly calculated chemical dosage into a syringe and needle of a type and size appropriate for the animal;

(4)           Correctly administer the chemical agent to the animal;

(5)           Properly perform intravenous and intraperitoneal injections on dogs and intravenous or intraperitoneal injections on cats;

(6)           Knowledge of the medical procedures and drugs necessary for an animal to be euthanized by cardiac injection;

(7)           Demonstrate ability to verify death by:

(A)          lack of respiration;

(B)          lack of ocular reflexes;

(C)          lack of a heartbeat;

(8)           Knowledge about the human health risks associated with the use of chemical agents used for euthanasia including signs and symptoms associated with accidental exposure of the Certified Euthanasia Technician;

(9)           Proper first aid for a person accidentally exposed to chemical agents used for euthanasia.

(f)  Applicants for certification in Euthanasia by Gas Inhalation shall meet the standards set forth in this Paragraph:

(1)           Demonstrate knowledge of the dangers and human health effects of exposure to carbon monoxide gas;

(2)           Demonstrate knowledge about which animals Euthanasia by Gas Inhalation is approved and which species, age, medical or physical conditions make it improper to use Euthanasia by Gas Inhalation;

(3)           Demonstrate proper techniques in placing animals into the chamber;

(4)           Demonstrate knowledge about the maintenance, operation and cleaning of the chamber, fittings, gas cylinder, valves, and other parts of the equipment;

(5)           Demonstrate proper operation of the chamber;

(6)           Demonstrate ability to verify death by:

(A)          lack of respiration;

(B)          lack of ocular reflexes;

(C)          lack of a heartbeat;

(7)           Demonstrate knowledge about the human health risks associated with the use of carbon monoxide when used for euthanasia.  Such knowledge shall also include signs and symptoms associated with accidental exposure of the Certified Euthanasia Technician;

(8)           Demonstrate knowledge of proper first aid for a person accidentally exposed to carbon monoxide used for euthanasia.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0408          TRAINERS

(a) Certified Euthanasia Technician training shall be provided by the Animal Welfare Section or by companies or individuals meeting the following criteria:

(1)           Possess working knowledge of euthanasia conducted according to this Section;

(2)           Have actual experience in euthanasia of animals;

(3)           Have experience training staff in euthanasia; and

(4)           Provide references from individuals or organizations previously trained.

(b)  Information taught shall conform to this Section and the guidelines set forth by the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Humane Society of the United States or the American Humane Association.

(c)  Trainers shall disclose to their students and the Animal Welfare Section any affiliations with suppliers of equipment or supplies used in euthanasia.

(d)  The Animal Welfare Section may make unannounced audit of instruction and testing by trainers.

(e) Prior to providing euthanasia training leading to certification as a Euthanasia Technician, the person or company shall obtain approval before each class for its training program from the Animal Welfare Section.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0409          PROBATIONARY EUTHANASIA TECHNICIANS

An individual who has passed the written exam, but has not taken and passed the practical examination may serve as a Probationary Euthanasia Technician under the direct supervision of:

(1)           a licensed veterinarian; or

(2)           a Certified Euthanasia Technician

for up to three consecutive months or until such time as the next practical euthanasia exam is conducted, whichever is longer.  Certified animal shelters employing probationary euthanasia technicians must notify the Animal Welfare Section no later than five days prior to the probationary euthanasia technician’s first day serving in that capacity.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0410          EXAM REQUIRED

An individual who has not passed the written exam may not serve as a Certified Euthanasia Technician or Probationary Euthanasia Technician.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0411          NEW APPLICATION

If the individual or applicant fails to pass the practical exam a second time and wishes to apply for certification again, the individual shall submit a new application to the Animal Welfare Section, attend a training program, pass the written exam and take and pass a practical examination on euthanasia.  The Animal Welfare Section shall cancel the application of any applicant who fails the written examination twice.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0412          ISSUANCE OF CERTIFICATION

Upon the receipt of materials specified in this Section the Animal Welfare Section shall issue a Certificate.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0413          LENGTH OF CERTIFICATION

A Certificate issued by the Animal Welfare Section is valid for five years from the date of issuance unless it is revoked pursuant to this Section or upon termination of employment or volunteer status as described in this Section.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0414          TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT

Upon termination of employment or volunteer status from a certified facility, a Certified Euthanasia Technician shall not perform animal euthanasia in a certified facility until recertified by the Animal Welfare Section.  The Certified Euthanasia Technician’s certification shall be canceled effectively upon termination of employment or volunteer status.  No later than 10 days from the date of the termination of a Certified Euthanasia Technician’s employment or volunteer status at that certified facility the Certified Euthanasia Technician shall complete a form notifying the Animal Welfare Section of the termination of employment or volunteer status and shall return the form and the Certificate to the Animal Welfare Section.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0415          NOTICE OF TERMINATION

A certified facility shall notify the Animal Welfare Section in writing, no later than 10 days from the date of the termination of a Certified Euthanasia Technician's employment or volunteer status at that certified facility.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0416          RECERTIFICATION

(a)  If a former Certified Euthanasia Technician is employed or is accepted as a volunteer at a certified facility before the expiration of his certification, the former Certified Euthanasia Technician or employer may request reinstatement of his/her certification from the Animal Welfare Section.  The reinstated Certification shall be good for five years from the date of its initial issue.

(b)  If a former Certified Euthanasia Technician is employed or is accepted as a volunteer at a certified facility after the expiration of his certification, the former Certified Euthanasia Technician may only euthanize animals under the direct supervision of a licensed veterinarian or currently certified euthanasia technician for three months or until he/she passes practical examination whichever is less.  The former Certified Euthanasia Technician and the manager of the certified facility shall each notify the Animal Welfare Section within 10 days of the date the former Certified Euthanasia Technician is employed or accepted as a volunteer.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0417          CERTIFICATION RENEWAL

(a)  Certifications may be renewed every five years provided that:

(1)           within the 12 months immediately preceding the application for certification renewal the Certified Euthanasia Technician has taken and passed a practical examination for each method of euthanasia for which they are seeking certification renewal;

(2)           the applicant receives up-to-date information about the method of euthanasia for which the applicant is seeking certification; and

(3)           the applicant receives training in stress management.

(b)  The applicant shall submit an application for certification renewal to the Animal Welfare Section.  The application shall be on a form created by the Animal Welfare Section and shall include a document from an approved Certified Euthanasia Technician trainer establishing that the applicant has passed a practical examination in the specific euthanasia techniques for which he or she is seeking certification.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0418          DUTIES

A Certified Euthanasia Technician may:

(1)           Prepare animals for euthanasia;

(2)           Record the identification number of the animal, its species, sex, breed description and date, dosages for drugs that are administered and amounts for drugs wasted;

(3)           Order euthanasia supplies;

(4)           Maintain the security of all controlled substances and other drugs in accordance with applicable state and federal laws and regulations;

(5)           Directly supervise probationary Euthanasia Technicians;

(6)           Report to the appropriate government agencies violations or suspicions of a violation of the rules in this Subchapter or any abuse of drugs;

(7)           Euthanize animals;

(8)           Dispose of euthanized animals and expired or unwanted chemical agent(s) or the containers, instruments and equipment used in the administration of drugs in accordance with all applicable federal, state and local laws and regulations; and

(9)           Notify the Animal Welfare Section as required in this Section upon leaving employment or volunteer status at a covered facility.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0419          GROUNDS FOR DISCIPLINE - CERTIFIED EUTHANASIA TECHNICIANS

The Department may refuse to issue, renew, or reinstate the certification of a Euthanasia Technician, or may deny, revoke, suspend, sanction, or place on probation, impose other forms of discipline, and enter into consent agreements and negotiated settlements with Certified Euthanasia Technician pursuant to the procedures set forth in G.S. 150B, Article 3, for any of the following reasons:

(1)           Failure to Carry Out Duties.  Failure to carry out the duties of a Certified Euthanasia Technician;

(2)           Abuse of Chemical Substances.  Abuse of any drug or chemical substance by:

(a)           Selling, diverting or giving away drugs or chemical substances;

(b)           Stealing drugs or chemical substances;

(c)           Misusing chemical substances; or

(d)           Abetting anyone in the foregoing activities;

(3)           Euthanizing animals without supervision as required by this subchapter;

(4)           Allowing uncertified individuals to euthanize animals;

(5)           Allowing probationary Euthanasia Technicians to euthanize animals outside of the Certified Euthanasia Technician's personal presence;

(6)           Fraud, misrepresentation, or deception in obtaining certification;

(7)           Unethical or Unprofessional Conduct.  Unethical or unprofessional conduct means to knowingly engage in conduct of a character likely to deceive or defraud the public.  Such conduct includes working in conjunction with any agency or person illegally practicing as a Certified Euthanasia Technician; failing to provide sanitary facilities or apply sanitary procedures for the euthanizing of any animal; euthanizing animals in a manner that endangers the health or welfare of the public; gross ignorance, incompetence or inefficiency in the euthanizing of animals as determined by the practices generally and currently followed and accepted as approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Humane Society of the United States or the American Humane Association; intentionally performing a duty, task or procedure involved in the euthanizing of animals for which the individual is not qualified; and swearing falsely in any testimony or affidavits relating to practicing as a Certified Euthanasia Technician;

(8)           Conviction of any criminal offense as described in this Section;

(9)           Improper Record Keeping.  Failure to follow proper record keeping procedures as outlined in the rules in this Subchapter;

(10)         Improper Security and Storage for Chemical Agents.  Failure to provide and maintain proper security and storage for euthanasia and restraint drugs as established under applicable United States Drug Enforcement Administration and North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services statutes and rules;

(11)         Improper Disposal of Chemical Agents and Equipment.  Failure to dispose of drugs and the containers, instruments and equipment in a manner permitted by this Subchapter;

(12)         Improper Labeling of Approved Chemical Agents.  Failure to properly label approved euthanasia and restraint chemical agents;

(13)         Revocation, Suspension or Limitation.  The revocation, suspension, limitation, of a license, certificate or registration or any other disciplinary action by another state or United States jurisdiction or voluntary surrender of a license, certificate or registration by virtue of which one is licensed, certified or registered to practice as a Certified Euthanasia Technician in that state or jurisdiction on grounds other than nonpayment of the renewal fee;

(14)         Failure of any applicant or certificate holder to cooperate with the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services during any investigation or inspection.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

SECTION .0500 – EUTHANASIA BY INJECTION

 

02 NCAC 52J .0501          INTRACARDIAC INJECTION

Intracardiac injection shall only be used on animals that have been anesthetized or heavily sedated.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

SECTION .0600 - EUTHANASIA BY CARBON MONOXIDE

 

02 NCAC 52J .0601          CARBON MONOXIDE EQUIPMENT

If carbon monoxide is used for euthanasia in a certified facility, the following requirements shall be met:

(1)           Only commercially compressed, bottled gas shall be used;

(2)           The gas shall be delivered in a commercially manufactured chamber that allows for the individual separation of animals;

(3)           Animals placed inside of the chamber shall be of the same species;

(4)           The chamber shall achieve a minimum six percent uniform concentration of carbon monoxide within two minutes of beginning the administration of the gas;

(5)           Death shall occur within five minutes of beginning the administration of the gas; and

(6)           Animals shall remain in the chamber with carbon monoxide for a minimum of 20 minutes.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0602          PROHIBITED USES

Carbon monoxide may not be used to euthanize animals in certified facilities in any manner inconsistent with guidelines for the use of carbon monoxide approved by the entities referenced in 02 NCAC 52J .0401. Additionally, carbon monoxide shall not be used to euthanize the following animals in certified facilities:

(1)           Animals that appear to be less than 16 weeks of age;

(2)           Animals that are pregnant;

(3)           Animals that are near death.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24(5);

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0603          DEAD ANIMALS

Live animals shall not be placed into a euthanasia chamber with dead animals in certified facilities.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0604          INDIVIDUAL SEPARATION

Animals shall be individually separated within a euthanasia chamber in a certified facility.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0605          CHAMBER REQUIREMENTS

(a)  A euthanasia chamber in a certified facility shall be located in a well-ventilated place, preferably outdoors.

(b)  The chamber shall be in good working order.

(c)  The chamber shall have strong airtight seals around the doors and viewports.

(d)  The chamber shall have at least one port for viewing of the animals during euthanasia.

(e)  The chamber shall be lit sufficiently to allow observation of an animal in any part of the chamber.

(f)  Any chamber electrical wiring or components exposed to carbon monoxide must be warranted by the manufacturer to be explosion proof.

(g)  Any light inside of the chamber shall be shatterproof.

(h)  The chamber shall use exhaust ventilation to evacuate the gas from the chamber before the doors are opened upon completion of the process.

(i)  If the chamber is located outdoors:

(1)           The exhaust shall be vented at least eight feet above ground level.

(2)           The minimum stack velocity shall be at least 3,000 feet per minute;

(3)           If there is a roof above the chamber, the exhaust shall be vented at least three feet above the highest point of the roof; and

(4)           The exhaust shall not be located within eight feet of any building air intakes.

(j)  If the chamber is located indoors:

(1)           The exhaust shall be vented to the outdoors at least three feet above the highest point of the roof;

(2)           The exhaust shall not be located within eight feet of any building air intakes;

(3)           The minimum stack velocity shall be at least 3,000 feet per minute; and

(4)           At least two carbon monoxide detectors shall be placed in the room.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0606          INSPECTIONS AND RECORDS

(a)  Chamber seals, exhaust flow, carbon monoxide monitors and other equipment used in the euthanasia process in certified facilities shall be inspected at least monthly and repaired or replaced as necessary.

(b)  The chamber must be inspected at least annually by the manufacturer, its authorized representative or an industrial hygienist knowledgeable about the manufacture and operation of the chamber.

(c)  A record shall be made of each inspection recording the results, the date of the inspection, and the name of the person performing the inspection.  The record shall be maintained in the policy and procedure manual for at least two years.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0607          CLEANING CHAMBER

A euthanasia chamber at a certified facility shall be cleaned between uses.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009..

 

02 NCAC 52J .0608          OPERATIONAL GUIDES AND INSTRUCTION MANUALS

Current operational guides and maintenance instruction manuals shall be kept in the room with the euthanasia chamber at all times in a certified facility.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0609          PERSONS REQUIRED TO BE PRESENT

A euthanasia chamber in a certified facility shall not be operated unless a Certified Euthanasia Technician or a veterinarian licensed in North Carolina and one other adult are present at the time of its use.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

SECTION .0700 - EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES

 

02 NCAC 52J .0701          METHODS OF EUTHANASIA PERMITTED UNDER EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES AND SITUATIONS

For purposes of this Section, extraordinary circumstance or situation includes a situation which is offsite from the shelter, in which an animal poses an immediate risk to animal, human or public health and in which no alternative, less extreme measure of euthanasia is feasible.  It also includes circumstances or situations in which it would be inhumane to transport an animal to another location to perform euthanasia.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0702          GUNSHOT OR OTHER METHODS

Under extraordinary circumstances and situations which occur offsite from the shelter, a shelter employee may use gunshot or other extreme method of euthanasia as set forth in the American Veterinary Medical Association, Humane Society of the United States or American Humane Association Guidelines incorporated by reference in 02 NCAC 52J .0401.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0703          METHODS AND STANDARDS

Methods of euthanasia used by a certified facility under an extraordinary circumstance or situation must be approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Humane Society of the United States or the American Humane Association for use on that species of animal and must conform to standards set forth by that organization.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0704          TECHNICIAN NOT REQUIRED

If an extraordinary circumstance or situation occurs and euthanasia is necessary, the person performing the euthanasia is not required to be a Certified Euthanasia Technician at a certified facility.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0705          REPORTS

A licensee or registrant shall prepare a report of any euthanasia performed under extraordinary circumstances or situations, and keep the report on file for at least two years. The report shall include the date, time, identification of the animal, the name of the person performing the final euthanasia, the method of euthanasia and the reason for euthanasia of the animal as permitted by this Section.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

SECTION .0800 – POLICY AND PROCEDURE MANUAL

 

02 NCAC 52J .0801          MANUAL REQUIRED

Any animal shelter performing euthanasia shall have a current policy and procedure manual about euthanasia.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0802          CONTENTS

The policy and procedure manual shall set forth the shelter's equipment, process, and the procedures for individual separation of animals.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0803          ADDITIONAL CONTENTS

A certified facility's policy and procedure manual shall be kept consistent with the publications listed below and reflect the current information for each.  The manual shall include:

(1)           A copy of the current North Carolina Animal Welfare Act and the rules in this Subchapter;

(2)           A copy of the 2000 Report of the American Veterinary Medical Association Panel on Euthanasia and any future revisions, replacements, supplements or changes thereto issued by that organization;

(3)           A current copy of the Euthanasia Training Manual of the Humane Society of the United States;

(4)           A copy of the publication on euthanasia by the American Humane Association;

(5)           A list of methods of euthanasia allowed at the shelter and the policy and procedures for each method;

(6)           A list of Certified Euthanasia Technicians, the methods of euthanasia in which they have received training, and the date of training;

(7)           The name, address and contact information for the veterinarian responsible for the Annual Program of Veterinary Care;

(8)           The name, address and contact information for veterinarians responsible for the veterinary medical care of the animals.  The contact information shall include telephone numbers for working hours, weekends, nights and holidays;

(9)           Euthanasia procedure to use in emergencies, after hours, holidays and weekends;

(10)         Procedures to follow if no Certified Euthanasia Technician is present and euthanasia of an animal is necessary;

(11)         Methods of verifying death of an animal after a euthanasia process is performed;

(12)         The name and contact information of the supplier of materials.  It shall include:

(a)           Bottled gas (if applicable);

(b)           Manufacturer of the chamber used to euthanize animals by inhalant gas (if applicable);

(c)           Injectable euthanasia solution;

(d)           Tranquilizer or anesthetic solution;

(13)         Original of U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration certification permitting the use of controlled substances;

(14)         A material safety data sheet for any chemical or gas used for euthanasia in that shelter;

(15)         A material safety data sheet for any anesthetic or tranquilizer used in that facility;

(16)         Notice of the signs and symptoms associated with human exposure to the agents used for euthanasia at the facility;

(17)         First aid for people accidentally exposed to the agents used for euthanasia at the facility; and

(18)         Contact information of the physician or medical facility providing medical treatment to employees of the facility.  The information shall include the name of the medical facility, the telephone number for both working and after-hours contact and directions to the medical facility from the certified facility including a map.  If the medical facility does not provide service after-hours, on weekends or on holidays, there must be contact information as described in this item for the nearest medical facility, urgent care clinic or emergency room that does provide care during that time.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-24;

Eff. March 23, 2009.

 

SECTION .0900 – Animal Shelter support fund

 

02 NCAC 52J .0901          eligible expenses

Eligible expenses include:

(1)           Veterinary costs – Reimbursement may be requested for veterinary expenditures incurred for the assessment, diagnostic and triage evaluation, medical treatment, minor surgical treatment, medications, first aid and minor medical supplies, vaccinations, parasite control/treatment, or euthanasia of animals housed at the shelter at the time of the event or impounded during the interim or transition period.

(2)           Sanitation costs – Reimbursement may be requested for expenditures related to sanitation of the affected shelter, including detergent/disinfectant supplies, cleaning supplies, labor costs for the sanitation of the shelter, and waste and carcass disposal costs.

(3)           Animal sustenance and supplies – Reimbursement may be requested for expenditures for animal food, provision of water to the shelter, and food and water bowls or buckets, as well as labor costs for the feeding and watering of the shelter animals.

(4)           Temporary housing and sheltering of animals – Reimbursement may be requested for expenditures for animal cages and kennels, animal transport carriers, fencing panels for runs, tarps, fencing, dog or cat houses and other construction supplies, as well as labor costs or equipment or facility leasing expenses incurred during the construction or repair of temporary animal housing.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-67; 19A-68;

Temporary Adoption Eff. November 29, 2016;

Temporary Adoption Expired Eff. September 11, 2017;

Eff. November 1, 2017.

 

02 NCAC 52J .0902          Application Guidelines

(a)  A local government applying for reimbursement from the Fund shall submit the request for reimbursement to the Animal Welfare Section (AWS) of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

(b)  The request shall:

(1)           be received by AWS by mail, email, or fax within 60 days of the date the eligible expense was incurred;

(2)           include a completed "Animal Shelter Support Fund Reimbursement Application" with the county name, tier of county, facility name, facility license number, and contact information. This application can be found on the AWS website (http://www.ncagr.gov/vet/AWS/);

(3)           include an itemized listing of eligible expenses for which reimbursement is sought;

(4)           include proof that matching funds have been provided; and

(5)           include proof of payment of the eligible expense. If the payment of expense occurs after the application was submitted, proof of payment shall be submitted to AWS within 30 days of payment of the expense.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 19A-67; 19A-68;

Temporary Adoption Eff. November 29, 2016;

Temporary Adoption Expired Eff. September 11, 2017;

Eff. November 1, 2017.

 

 

 

SUBCHAPTER 52k – animal exhibitions

 

SECTION .0100 – purpose and scope

 

02 NCAC 52K .0101         PURPOSE

The purpose of this Subchapter is to establish standards for animal exhibitions at agricultural fairs to reduce the likelihood of the transmission of disease from animals to humans.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

02 NCAC 52K .0102         SCOPE

The rules in this Subchapter apply to animal exhibitions at agricultural fairs where animals are displayed for the purpose of physical contact with humans.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

SECTION .0200 - DEFINITIONS

 

02 NCAC 52K .0201         DEFINITIONS

As used in this Subchapter:

(1)           "Agricultural fair" or "fair" means a fair required to be licensed by the Commissioner of Agriculture pursuant to G.S. 106-520.3.

(2)           "Animal contact exhibit" means any exhibit at an agricultural fair where there are animals displayed for the purpose of petting, holding, feeding, or other physical contact by humans, including but not limited to, petting zoos, pony rides and poultry handling exhibits.

(3)           "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Agriculture or the Commissioner's authorized representative.

(4)           "Department" means the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

(5)           "Transition area" means the area between an animal contact exhibit exit and the closest hand-washing station.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

SECTION .0300 - SIGNAGE

 

02 NCAC 52K .0301         SIGNAGE

An animal contact exhibit shall provide visible signage at the entrance and exit of the exhibit to educate the public regarding:

(1)           the fact that animal contact may pose a health risk;

(2)           items that are prohibited in animal areas;

(3)           the identity of high risk populations, including:

(a)           the elderly;

(b)           children under the age of six;

(c)           women who are pregnant;

(d)           people with an existing health condition; and

(4)           the location of hand-washing stations.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Amended Eff. September 1, 2014;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0302         MINIMUM SIZE OF LETTERING ON SIGNAGE

All lettering on signs shall be at least 3/8 inch high.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006j;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

SECTION .0400 – operations and staffing

 

02 NCAC 52K .0401         FENCING

(a)  Animals and bedding shall be separated from the public with fencing to minimize the public's contact with manure and bedding.  This does not apply to:

(1)           animal rides (including pony, camel, and elephant rides);

(2)           milking booths; or

(3)           the petting of an animal held or restrained outside of its housing area by an exhibit operator or patron as part of an educational or photographic opportunity where there is limited possibility of contact with manure and bedding.

(b)  Fencing shall be at least 29 inches high.  On the side(s) of the exhibit intended for public contact, the fencing shall have a solid board or panel at the bottom at least eight inches high to contain manure and bedding.

(c)  Fencing may allow children to reach through or over to pet and feed animals.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Amended Eff. September 1, 2014;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0402         PROHIBITED ITEMS

In order to minimize hand to mouth contact, no pacifiers, baby bottles, drink cups, food, drink or smoking shall be allowed in animal contact exhibits.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0403         AGE REQUIREMENTS

Unsupervised children less than six years old shall not be permitted in animal contact areas.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0404         FEEDING OF ANIMALS

Only food provided by the animal contact exhibit may be fed to the animals.  Animal food shall not be provided in containers that are human food items, such as ice cream cones.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0405         STAFFING; COMPLIANCE

An animal contact exhibit shall be staffed at all times of operation by at least one person who has the authority to ensure that the exhibit complies with this Subchapter.  The owner, operator or person in charge of an animal contact exhibit shall be responsible for compliance with this Subchapter, and shall not knowingly permit violations by its employees, agents or patrons.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0406         SURFACES; EXHIBIT AREAS

(a)  Surfaces in the animal contact exhibit that can be touched by both fair patrons and animals shall be made of impervious material, and shall be cleaned and disinfected daily and at any time visible contamination is present.

(b)  All animal fencing, feed troughs, and open watering systems shall be disinfected prior to and at the end of each fair.

(c)  Contact animal exhibits shall be held on impervious surfaces whenever feasible.

(d)  Impervious exhibit areas shall be cleaned and disinfected at the end of the fair.

(e)  Exhibit areas that are not impervious shall be cleaned of all manure at the end of the fair and shall not be used for human activities for at least six months after cleaning.

(f)  Paragraphs (c) and (e) of this Rule shall not apply to pony rides.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006.

Amended Eff. November 1, 2008;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0407         WASTE DISPOSAL

The fair shall designate a manure disposal area and shall control wastewater runoff.  The animal contact exhibit shall have a designated area for temporary storage of animal waste and shall not transport such waste through areas occupied by fair patrons.  Manure disposal and storage areas shall be inaccessible to the public, unless waste is bagged and placed in a closeable dumpster.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

SECTION .0500 – food, drink and hand-washing

 

02 NCAC 52K .0501         HAND-WASHING STATIONS

(a)  Hand-washing stations with soap, running water, paper towels and disposal containers shall be located within 10 feet of the exit of an animal contact exhibit, wherever feasible.

(b)  Hand-washing stations suitable for small children shall be available in the same area as the stations in Paragraph (a) of this Rule.

(c)  Signage shall be provided to direct patrons to hand-washing stations.

(d)  In order to promote hand-washing with soap and water, dispensers for waterless hand sanitizing lotions, gels or hand wipes shall not be provided in the transition or exhibit area. Such dispensers may be placed at the entrance of milking booths to reduce the potential for introduction of disease to the exhibit animals.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Amended Eff. September 1, 2014; November 1, 2008;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0502         FOOD AND DRINK

Food and beverages for human consumption shall not be sold, prepared, served, or consumed in transition areas.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

SECTION .0600 - ANIMAL KEEPING, CERTIFICATIONS AND EXHIBITION

 

02 NCAC 52K .0601         HEALTH CERTIFICATE; VACCINATIONS

(a)  An official health certificate as defined in 02 NCAC 52B .0202, a rabies vaccination certificate (when applicable), and any other documentation required by 02 NCAC 52B for species or state of origin, shall accompany all animals contained in a public contact setting.

(b)  An animal for which there is an approved rabies vaccine, but which is too young to receive rabies vaccination, is prohibited from animal contact exhibits unless proof of rabies vaccination, within the preceding 12 months, of the mother is provided.

(c)  Initial rabies vaccination shall be administered at least 30 days prior to the event.  Subsequent vaccinations for livestock shall be no more than one year prior to the event and may be within 30 days of the event if proof of previous vaccination is provided.  Dogs and cats shall be in compliance with the North Carolina rabies law, G.S. 130A, Article 6, Part 6.

(d)  If no licensed rabies vaccine exists for a particular species (such as rabbits, goats, llamas, and camels), no vaccination is required.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Amended Eff. November 1, 2008;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0602         DAILY MONITORING

Animals shall be monitored daily by exhibit personnel for signs of illness.  Animals that exhibit signs of illness shall be removed from public contact immediately. 

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0603         HIGH RISK ANIMALS

Animals that pose a high disease risk to humans, as determined by the State Veterinarian or his representative, shall not be allowed in animal contact exhibits.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0604         BIRTHING ANIMALS

No near-birth or birthing sheep, cattle or goats and no sheep, cattle or goats that have given birth within the previous two weeks shall be allowed in animal contact exhibits.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

SECTION .0700 - PERMITTING AND RECORD-KEEPING

 

02 NCAC 52K .0701         PERMITTING

(a)  Each animal contact exhibit shall be inspected and permitted by the Department prior to opening at a sanctioned agricultural fair.

(b)  Permitting applications for animal contact exhibits will be included in the annual County Fair Handbook distributed by the Department.  Applications and other information shall be forwarded by the fair manager to all contracted animal contact exhibits or completed by fair staff for exhibits operated by the fair.

(c)  In order to be permitted when the fair opens, an animal contact exhibit shall be set up and ready for inspection at least two hours before the fair opens.

(d)  Permits shall be valid for exhibition at other fairs listed on the permit application, unless the permit has been suspended or revoked.

(e)  A permit may be suspended or revoked by the Commissioner or his authorized representative for any violation of this Subchapter or G.S. 106-520.3A, in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.

 

02 NCAC 52K .0702         RECORDS

Each contact animal exhibit shall keep a record of daily disinfection and animal monitoring during each fair.  Records shall be maintained for a period of one year and shall be made available for inspection by the Commissioner of Agriculture or his designee.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-520.3A;

Eff. September 1, 2006;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. March 22, 2015.