02 NCAC 52J .0207 SANITATION
(a) Waste shall be removed from primary enclosures and exercise areas to prevent contamination of the dogs or cats contained therein and to reduce disease hazards and odors. Enclosures and exercise areas for dogs and cats must be properly cleaned a minimum of two times per day. The animal must be able to walk or lie down without coming in contact with any waste or debris. When a hosing or flushing method is used for cleaning an enclosure, dogs or cats contained therein shall be removed during the cleaning process, and adequate measures shall be taken to protect the animals in other such enclosures from being contaminated with water and other wastes.
(b) Sanitation shall be as follows:
(1) Prior to the introduction of dogs or cats into empty primary enclosures previously occupied, enclosures and accessories shall be sanitized in the manner provided in Subparagraph (b)(3) of this Rule.
(2) In addition to primary enclosures being properly cleaned a minimum of two times per day, enclosures and accessories shall be sanitized a minimum of once every seven days in the manner provided in Subparagraph (b)(3) of this Rule if the same animal is housed in the same enclosure more than seven days.
(3) Cages, rooms and hard‑surfaced pens or runs shall be sanitized by:
(A) washing them with hot water (180 degrees F.) and soap or detergent as in a mechanical cage washer; or
(B) washing all soiled surfaces with a detergent solution to remove all organic matter followed by application of a safe and effective disinfectant; or
(C) cleaning all soiled surfaces with live steam.
(4) Food and water receptacles shall be sanitized daily with hot water, detergent, and disinfectant.
(5) Soiled linens and cloth products shall be mechanically washed with detergent and sanitized.
(6) Any area accessible to multiple animals shall be kept clean and sanitary.
(c) Premises (buildings and grounds) shall be kept clean and in good repair in order to protect the animals from injury and to facilitate the prescribed husbandry practices set forth in this Rule. Premises shall remain free of accumulations of trash, junk, waste products, and discarded matter. Weeds, grasses, and bushes must be controlled so as to facilitate cleaning of the premises and to improve pest control, and to protect the health and well-being of the animals.
(d) An effective program for the control of insects, ectoparasites, and avian and mammalian pests shall be established and maintained.
History Note: Authority G.S. 19A-24;
Eff. April 1, 1984;
Amended Eff. January 1, 2005; April 1, 1985.