02 NCAC 60B .0702          APPROVED PRACTICES

The following practices and sub-practices are eligible for cost share payments:

(1)           Site Preparation.  Preparation of a site for planting, seeding or natural regeneration of a commercial forest tree species; this may be accomplished by the following sub-practices used singularly or in combinations:

(a)           Burning.  The use of prescribed fire for the purpose of site preparation;

(b)           Chopping.  The use of a machine-pulled chopper to crush and chop non-merchantable trees, brush and other debris for the purpose of site preparation;

(c)           Discing.  The use of a machine-pulled disc to crush and destroy non-merchantable trees, brush and other debris for the purpose of site preparation;

(d)           KG/V-Blade Shear.  The use of a sharp-edged, angled blade (KG or V-blade) mounted on a tractor to shear non-merchantable trees and brush for the purpose of site preparation;

(e)           KG and Pile.  The use of a sharp-edged, angled blade (called KG blade) mounted on a tractor to shear non-merchantable trees and brush for the purpose of site preparation; this sheared material and other debris are pushed into piles or windrows;

(f)            Rake & Pile.  The use of a toothed, rake-type blade mounted on a tractor to push logging debris, but not roots or soil, into piles or windrows;

(g)           Bedding.  The use of a bedding plow pulled by a tractor to prepare a bed or ridge for the purpose of site preparation;

(h)           V-Blade Bedding.  The use of a sharp angled blade (not a KG blade) mounted on a tractor to shear non-merchantable trees and brush and a bedding plow pulled by a tractor to prepare a bed or ridge for the purpose of site preparation in a single pass operation;

(i)            Furrowing.  The use of a plow pulled by a tractor to prepare a shallow trench or furrow to reduce competing vegetation for the purpose of site preparation;

(j)            Bulldozing and Piling.  The use of a bulldozer to push over non-merchantable trees and brush for the purpose of site preparation; the material is pushed into piles or windrows;

(k)           Other.  The use of hand tools or other machines to destroy or reduce competing vegetation for the purpose of site preparation;

(l)            Chemical Control; Aerial.  The use of herbicides, applied from the air, to reduce competing vegetation for the purpose of site preparation;

(m)          Chemical Control; Ground.  The use of hand tools or ground chemical a applications to reduce competing vegetation for the purpose of site preparation; and

(n)           Preharvest Treatment.  Use of chemical or mechanical means, including hand methods, to control vegetation to develop a stand of trees from advanced hardwood regeneration, natural pine regeneration, or artificial regeneration. When using this practice the following criteria apply:

(i)            The landowner must agree to harvest overstory stand once regeneration of at least 300 seedlings of a commercial timber species is established;

(ii)           This practice cannot be used to prepare an area for pine straw production; and

(iii)          The only other site preparation technique that may be cost shared at a later date is prescribed burning, if needed.

(2)           Silvicultural Clearcut.  The felling of trees in unmerchantable stands for the purpose of removing all stems in the overstory to allow regeneration of desirable species by exposing the site to direct sunlight:

(a)           Fell and Leave.  Felling all trees on an area with no removal of merchantable material, for the purpose of accomplishing a silvicultural clearcut;

(b)           Fell and Remove.  Felling all trees on an area, both merchantable and unmerchantable, for the purpose of accomplishing a silvicultural clearcut; the stumpage value of all merchantable trees removed from the area, as determined by the Director, shall be deducted from the allowable cost of completing the practice.

(3)           Tree Planting or Seeding.  Planting seedlings or applying seed to establish a commercial forest stand.  This includes:

(a)           Hand Planting.  The use of planting bars or other hand tools to plant forest tree seedlings;

(b)           Machine Planting.  The use of a planting machine to plant forest tree seedlings;

(c)           Machine Plant – Chemical.  The combined use of a planting machine to plant forest tree seedlings and application equipment to apply herbicides to reduce competing vegetation in a single pass operation.

(d)           V-Blade Planting.  The use of a tractor with attached V-shaped blade and planting machine to plant forest tree seedlings;

(e)           Direct Seeding.  The use of any type applicator to apply desirable forest tree seed directly to the soil.

(4)           Tree Planting Followed by Site Preparation.  Tree planting followed by the use of a herbicide treatment, within one year after planting.

(5)           Mixed Stand Plantings.  Tree planting to establish a mixed pine-hardwood stand, or a mixed stand of hardwood species.

(6)           Release of Seedlings.  Reducing or eliminating unwanted vegetation that is competing with the established reproduction of desired tree species to ensure adequate regeneration (at least 300 seedlings) of a commercial timber species.  This may be accomplished by one of the following treatments:

(a)           Chemical Control:  Aerial.  The use of herbicides, applied from the air, to reduce competing vegetation for the purpose of releasing desirable reproduction;

(b)           Chemical Control; Ground.  The use of hand tools or ground chemical applicators to reduce competing vegetation for the purpose of releasing desirable reproduction;

(c)           Mechanical Control.  The use of hand tools or machines to reduce competing vegetation for the purpose of releasing desirable reproduction.

(7)           Uneven-Aged Management.  A planned sequence of silvicultural treatments designed to maintain and regenerate a stand with three or more age classes.

(8)           Forest Stand Improvement.  Practices that improve tree growth and overall forest health to insure maximum growth potential of forest stands to commercial production levels.  The practices listed below and approved for reimbursement will improve immature forest stands for silvicultural purposes:

(a)           Understory Release – Complete removal or deadening of older trees or saplings that have no merchantable value, to improve growing conditions for desirable tree species; 

(b)           Release of Seedlings - A mechanical or chemical treatment designed to free young trees from undesirable, usually over-topping, competing vegetation;

(c)           Cull-tree Removal – Complete removal or deadening of trees having no merchantable value because of defects or inferior species.  Differs from understory release in that removal is to favor growth on remaining established poles and small sawtimber of better quality and species.  This treatment is used only in stands beyond the sapling size class;

(d)           Crop Tree Crown Release – Removal or deadening of cull trees and other undesirable trees to release the crowns of crop trees with commercial value.  Crop trees are high value species, which are dominant or co-dominant in position and are well-formed and free of major forest insects and diseases.  Cull trees are trees that have little or no economic value due to poor form or presence of insects or disease.  Less desirable trees have poorer growth characteristics or are in poorer condition than the crop trees;

(e)           Non-Commercial Thinning – A felling, deadening or removal of immature trees in a stand (predominately seedlings and saplings) which significantly reduces the stem density to accelerate growth and improve the health and form of the remaining trees;

(f)            Prescribed Burning – The use of fire in a planned and controlled manner to provide silvicultural benefits from forest fuel reduction or reduced understory competition.  Prescribed burning must be conducted under the supervision of a "certified prescribed burner" (as defined by G.S. 113-60.41 of the North Carolina Prescribed Burning Act), using a burning plan; and

(g)           Forest Fertilization – The addition of nutrient elements to the soil to overcome nutrient deficiencies or to increase growth rates.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-22; 106-966; 106-1011; 106-1013; 106-1018; 143B-10(j);

Eff. August 8, 1978;

Amended Eff. November 1, 2006; August 1, 2002; October 1, 1984;

Transferred from 15A NCAC 09C .0903 Eff. May 1, 2012.