10A NCAC 09 .0713          STAFF/CHILD RATIOS FOR CENTERS

(a)  The staff/child ratios and group sizes for single‑age groups of children in centers shall be as follows:

 

Age of Children

Ratio Staff/Children

Maximum Group Size

0 to 12 Months

1/5

10

12 to 24 Months

1/6

12

2 to 3 Years

1/10

20

3 to 4 Years

1/15

25

4 to 5 Years

1/20

25

5 Years and Older

1/25

25

 

(1)           in any multi‑age group situation, the staff/child ratio for the youngest child in the group shall be maintained for the entire group;

(2)           children younger than two years old may be cared for in groups with older children for the first and last operating hour of the day, provided the staff/child ratio for the youngest child in the group is maintained;

(3)           a child two years of age and older may be placed with children under one year of age when a physician certifies that the developmental age of the child makes this placement appropriate;

(4)           when determined to be developmentally appropriate by the operator and parent, a child age two or older may be placed one age level above his or her chronological age without affecting the staff/child ratio for that group. This provision shall be limited to one child per group;

(5)           except as provided in Subparagraphs (2) and (3) of this Paragraph, children under one year of age shall be kept separate from children two years of age and over;

(6)           when only one caregiver is required to meet the staff/child ratio and no children under two years of age are in care, that caregiver may concurrently perform food preparation or other duties that are not direct child care responsibilities as long as supervision of the children as specified in 10A NCAC 09 .1801 is maintained;

(7)           except as provided in Subparagraph (6) of this Paragraph, staff members and child care administrators who are counted in meeting the staff/child ratios as stated in this Rule shall not concurrently perform food preparation or other duties that are not direct child care responsibilities; and

(8)           when only one caregiver is required to meet the staff/child ratio, the operator shall select one of the following options for emergency relief:

(A)          the center shall post the name, address, and telephone number of an adult who has agreed in writing to be available to provide emergency relief; or

(B)          there shall be a second adult on the premises who is available to provide emergency relief.

(b)  The staff/child ratios for a center located in a residence with a licensed capacity of 3 to 12 children when any preschool-age child is enrolled, or with a licensed capacity of 3 to 15 children when only school-age children are enrolled, are as follows:

 

Age of Children

Ratio Staff/Children

0 to 12 Months

1/5 preschool children plus three additional school-age children

12 to 24 Months

1/6 preschool children plus two additional school-age children

2 to 13 Years

1/10

3 to 13 Years

1/12

All school-age

1/15

 

(c)  The staff/child ratio applicable to a classroom for a center located in a residence as described in Paragraph (b) of this Rule shall be posted in that classroom in an area that parents are able to view at all times.

(d)  When only one caregiver is required to meet the staff/child ratio for a center located in a residence, as described in Paragraph (b) of this Rule and children under two years of age are in care, that person shall not concurrently perform food preparation or other duties that are not direct child care responsibilities.

(e)  When only one caregiver is required to meet the staff/child ratio for a center located in a residence, as described in Paragraph (b) of this Rule the operator shall select one of the following options for emergency relief:

(1)           the center shall post the name, address, and telephone number of an adult who has agreed in writing to be available to provide emergency relief and who can respond within a reasonable period of time; or

(2)           there shall be a second adult on the premises who is available to provide emergency relief.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 110-85; 110-91(7); 143B-168.3;

Eff. December 1, 1988;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2006; July 1, 1998; July 1, 1994; January 1, 1992; August 1, 1990; November 1, 1989;

Readopted Eff. October 1, 2017.