10A NCAC 09 .1706          NUTRITION STANDARDS

(a)  Meals and snacks served to children in a Family Child Care Home shall comply with the Meal Patterns for Children in Child Care Programs from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) which are based on the recommended nutrient intake judged by the National Research Council to be adequate for maintaining good nutrition. The types of food, number and size of servings shall be appropriate for the ages and developmental levels of the children in care. The Meal Patterns for Children in Child Care Programs are incorporated by reference and include subsequent amendments. A copy of the Meal Patterns for Children in Child Care Programs is available online at https://www.fns.usda.gov/cacfp/meals-and-snacks.

(b)  When children bring their own food for meals and snacks to the program, if the food does not meet the nutritional requirements specified in Paragraph (a) of this Rule, the operator must provide additional food necessary to meet those requirements.

(c)  A child's parent may opt out of the supplemental food provided by the operator as set forth in G.S. 110-91(2) h.1. When a child's parent opts out of the supplemental food provided by the center, the operator shall obtain the parents signature acknowledging the parental decision and shall maintain the acknowledgment in the child's file at the home and provide a copy to the parent. A child's parent may opt out of the supplemental food provided by the center, subject to the following:

(1)           the operator shall not provide any food or drink so long as the child's parent or guardian provides all meals, snacks, and drinks scheduled to be served at the program's designated times;

(2)           the opt out ability is not available for specific meals or days based on menu options;

(3)           if a child requests specific foods being served to other children, but the parent has opted out, the operator shall not serve supplemental food; and

(4)           If the child's parent has opted out, but does not provide all meals and snacks for the child, the operator shall replace the missing meal or snack as if the child's parent or guardian had not opted out of the supplemental food program.

(d)  The food required by special diets for medical, religious or cultural reasons, or parental preferences, may be provided by the operator or may be brought to the program by the parents. If the diet is prescribed by a health care professional, a statement signed by the health care professional shall be on file at the program and written instructions must be provided by the child's parent, health care professional or a licensed dietitian/nutritionist. If the diet is not prescribed by a health care professional, written instructions shall be provided by the child's parent and shall be on file at the program.

(e)  Children's special diets or food allergies shall be posted in the food preparation area and in the child's eating area.

(f)  Food that does not meet the nutritional requirements specified in Paragraph (a) of this Rule, such as cupcakes, cakes, and donuts shall only be offered for special occasions such as holidays and birthdays.

(g)  The operator, additional caregivers, and substitute providers shall role model appropriate eating behaviors by consuming only food or beverages that meet the nutritional requirements specified in Paragraph (a) of this Rule in the presence of children in care.

(h)  Meals and snacks shall be planned according to the number of hours a child is in care. For children ages 15 months and older a meal or snack must be provided at least every four hours. These Rules shall apply in all situations except during sleeping hours and nighttime care:

Hours Child

Is in Care

Age of Child

Snack and Meal Requirement

At least 2 hours but less than 4 hours

Preschool-age children

1 snack, unless child is present during the time a meal is being served

Any hours in care

School-age children

1 snack, unless child is present during the time a meal is being served

At least 4 hours but less than 6 hours

All Children

1 meal equal to 1/3 of the child's daily food needs

At least 6 hours but less than 12 hours

All Children

2 meals and 1 snack OR 2 snacks and 1 meal equal to ˝ of the child's daily food needs

More than 12 hours

All Children

2 snacks and 2 meals equal to 2/3 of the child's daily food needs

Second Shift

(approximately 3:00 p.m. to 11:00 p.m.)

All Children

1 meal

 

(i)  The parent or health care professional of each child under 15 months of age shall provide the operator an individual written feeding plan for the child. This plan shall be followed at the home. This plan shall include the child's name, be signed by the parent or health care professional, and be dated when received by the operator. Each infant's plan shall be modified in consultation with the child's parent or health care professional to reflect changes in the child's needs as he or she develops. The feeding plans for each infant shall include the type and amount of milk, formula and food, the frequency of feedings and be available for reference by the operator.

(j)  Parents shall be allowed to provide breast milk for their children. Accommodations for breastfeeding mothers shall be provided that include seating and an electrical outlet, in a place other than a bathroom, that is shielded from view by staff and the public, which may be used by mothers while they are breastfeeding or expressing milk.

(k)  Each infant shall be held for bottle feeding until able to hold his or her own bottle. Bottles shall not be propped. Each child shall be held or placed in feeding chairs or other age-appropriate seating apparatus to be fed. The feeding chair or other seating apparatus shall be disassembled for cleaning purposes.

(l)  Breast milk, formula and other bottled beverages sent from home shall be fully prepared, dated, and labeled with individual child names. All beverages shall be returned to the child's parent or discarded at the end of each day.

(m)  Frozen breast milk that is sent from home may be stored frozen for up to seven days. Frozen breast milk shall be labeled with the date received, date thawed for use and individual child name. Once thawed, the breast milk shall be refrigerated for no more than 24 hours. Thawed breast milk shall not be refrozen. The thawed breast milk shall be returned to the child's parent or discarded at the end of each day.

(n)  Any formula which is prepared by the operator shall be prepared according to the instructions on the formula package or label, or according to written instructions from the child's health care professional.

(o)  Baby food, snack items and meal items sent from home shall be dated and labeled with individual child names.

(p)  Microwaves shall not be used to thaw or warm breast milk, baby food, formula or other bottled beverages. Bottle warming equipment and power cords shall be inaccessible to children when in use. Bottle warming equipment shall be emptied and cleaned daily.

(q)  Infants shall not be served juice in a bottle without a prescription or written statement on file from a health care professional or licensed dietitian/nutritionist.

(r)  Each infant shall be served only formula, breast milk and bottles labeled with their individual name.

(s)  Drinking water shall be freely available and offered to children on a frequent basis. Individual drinking utensils shall be provided by the parent or operator.

(t)  When milk, milk products, or fruit juices are provided by the operator, only pasteurized products or products which have undergone an equivalent process to pasteurization shall be used.

(u)  The operator shall serve only the following beverages:

(1)           breast milk, as specified in Paragraph (k) of this Rule;

(2)           formula;

(3)           water;

(4)           unflavored whole milk, for children ages 12-23 months;

(5)           unflavored skim or lowfat milk for children 24 months through five years;

(6)           unflavored skim milk, unflavored low-fat milk, or flavored skim milk for children six years and older; or

(7)           100 percent fruit juice, limited to 6 ounces per day, for all ages.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 110-85; 110-91(2); 143B-168.3;

Eff. December 1, 2012;

Temporary Amendment Eff. September 23, 2016;

Readopted Eff. October 1, 2017.