10A NCAC 13E .0303 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
(a) For the purposes of this Rule the following definitions apply:
(1) "facility" means a building or portion of a building housing an overnight respite services program as defined in G.S. 131D-6.1(a);
(2) "proposed facility" means the new construction of a building for a facility, an addition or alteration to an existing building for a facility, or the change in use of a building for a facility;
(3) "existing facility" means a currently licensed facility and a proposed facility that will be built according to building plans approved by the Construction Section for compliance with the standards established in this Section, prior to the effective date of this Rule; and
(4) "new facility" means a proposed facility that will be built according to building plans approved by the Construction Section for compliance with the standards established in this Section, on or after the effective date of this Rule.
(b) The physical plant requirements for each facility shall be applied as follows:
(1) A new facility shall meet the standards established in this Section.
(2) An existing facility shall meet the standards established in this Section that were in existence at the time of change in use of space, construction, addition, alteration, or repair.
(3) An existing building converted from another use that a program intends to use for an overnight respite services program shall meet all the requirements of a new facility as indicated in Subparagraph (1) of this Paragraph.
(c) All new construction, additions, or alterations for a new facility shall meet the requirements of the North Carolina State Building Codes, which are incorporated herein by reference including subsequent amendments and editions. Copies of these codes may be purchased from the International Code Council online at http://www.iccsafe.org/Store/Pages/default.aspx at a cost of five hundred twenty-seven dollars ($527.00) or accessed electronically free of charge at http://codes.iccsafe.org/North%20Carolina.html. All new construction, additions, or repairs of an existing facility shall meet the requirements of the North Carolina State Building Codes in effect at the time of construction, addition, alteration, or repair.
(d) A facility shall be constructed, equipped, and maintained to comply with the standards established in this Section for the capacity indicated on its license.
(e) The Construction Section may grant an equivalency to allow an alternate design or functional variation from the requirements of the rules contained in this Section. For the purposes of this Rule, an "equivalency" is a Construction Section-approved alternate design and functional variation to a requirement contained in the rules of this Section that meets the intent of the rule requirement but does not reduce the safety and operational effectiveness of the facility design and layout. If granted, the equivalency shall apply to a specific facility. A program shall be granted an equivalency if:
(1) the overnight respite services program submits a written equivalency request to the Construction Section indicating:
(A) the rule requirement that will not be met;
(B) the justification for the equivalency; and
(C) how the proposed equivalency meets the intent of the corresponding rule requirement; and
(2) the program receives a written approval of the equivalency from the Construction Section.
(f) If any of the rules, codes, or standards contained in this Section conflict, the most restrictive requirement shall apply.
(g) For an existing facility whose license is revoked or suspended by the Division of Health Service Regulation pursuant to G.S. 131D-6.1(g)(2) for at least 60 days, the facility shall meet the requirements of a new facility as required by Subparagraph (b)(1) of this Rule prior to being relicensed.
(h) Prior to commencement of construction or change in use of space, any program intending to offer overnight respite care services that is planning new construction, an addition or alteration to an existing building, or a change in use of space shall submit building plans and other documents to the Construction Section as specified in Rule .0301 of this Section.
(i) If the building to be used for a facility is two or more stories in height, it shall meet the following additional requirements:
(1) construction shall not exceed the allowable area for occupancy in the North Carolina State Building Code;
(2) participants shall be housed on the level of the principal exterior door as defined in Rule .0312(c) of this Section; and
(3) participant-use areas shall be located on the level of the principal exterior door.
(j) The basement and the attic shall not to be used for storage or sleeping.
(k) The ceiling shall be at least seven and one-half feet from the floor.
(l) Elevation changes in the floor are not permitted in participant-use areas.
(m) The door width shall be a minimum of two feet and six inches in the kitchen, dining room, living room, bedrooms, and bathrooms.
(n) Windows shall be operable and shall be maintained operable. For the purposes of this Rule, "operable" means a window that may be opened and shut to allow outdoor-air ventilation. To inhibit participant elopement from any window, the window opening may be restricted to a six-inch opening.
(o) Before starting any construction or alterations, the overnight respite services program shall consult with the local building code official for information about required permits and construction requirements.
(p) The facility shall comply with the sanitation rules of the North Carolina Division of Public Health, Environmental Health Services Section, which are incorporated herein by reference including subsequent amendments and editions. The "Rules Governing the Sanitation of Residential Care Facilities," 15A NCAC 18A .1600 are available for inspection at the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Public Health, Environmental Health Services Section, 5605 Six Forks Road, Raleigh, North Carolina 27609. Copies may be obtained from the Environmental Health Services Section, 1632 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1632 at no cost or can be accessed electronically free of charge at http://ehs.ncpublichealth.com/docs/rules/294306-4-1600.pdf.
(q) The facility shall have the following inspection reports available for review upon request by the Construction Section:
(1) a current sanitation inspection report from the county health department; and
(2) a current fire safety inspection report from the local fire marshal.
(r) The building housing a facility shall be equipped with a fire alarm system with pull stations on each floor and sounding devices that are audible throughout the building. The fire alarm system shall be equipped to transmit an automatic signal to the local emergency fire department dispatch center, either directly or through a central station monitoring company connection. The fire alarm system shall be installed in accordance with National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 72, which is incorporated herein by reference including subsequent amendments and editions and may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269 at the cost of ninety six dollars and 50 cents ($96.50). Underwriters Laboratory (U.L.) listed heat detectors are required in attics and basements and shall be connected to the fire alarm system. These heat detectors shall be interconnected and provided with battery backup. Corridors shall be equipped with smoke detectors that are connected to the fire alarm system.
(s) A building housing an overnight respite services program or an adult day care or adult health care program shall be equipped with a wet pipe sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13, which is incorporated herein by reference including subsequent amendments and editions and may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269 at the cost of one hundred and three dollars ($103.00).
History Note: Authority G.S. 131D-6.1;
Eff. April 1, 2017.