10A NCAC 14F .1802 EXERCISE THERAPY
(a) The medical director, in consultation with program staff, shall establish staff to patient ratios for exercise therapy sessions based on medical acuity, utilizing an acceptable risk stratification model.
(b) If any patient has not had a graded exercise test prior to the first exercise session, the patient's first exercise session must include objective assessment of hemodynamic data, ECG, and symptom response data.
(c) Unless contraindicated by medical and laboratory assessments or the cardiac rehabilitation care plan, each patient's exercise therapy shall include:
(1) mode of exercise therapy including, but not limited to: walk/jog, aquatic activity, cycle ergometry, arm ergometry, resistance training, stair climbing, rowing, aerobics;
(A) up to 85 percent of symptom-limited heart rate reserve;
(B) up to 80 percent of measured maximal oxygen consumption;
(C) rating of perceived exertion (RPE) of 11 to 13 if a graded exercise test is not performed; or
(D) for myocardial infarction patients: heart rate not to exceed 20 beats per minute above standing resting heart rate if a graded exercise test is not performed; and for post coronary artery by-pass graft patients: heart rate not to exceed 30 beats per minute above standing resting heart rate if a graded exercise test is not performed;
(3) duration: up to 60 minutes, as tolerated, including a minimum of five minutes each for warm-up and cool-down; and
(4) frequency: minimum of three days per week.
(d) The patient shall be monitored through the use of electrocardiography during each exercise therapy session. The frequency of the monitoring continuous or intermittent shall be based on medical acuity and risk stratification.
(e) At two week intervals, the patient's adherence to the cardiac rehabilitation care plan and progress toward goals shall be monitored by an examination of exercise therapy records and documented.
(f) The exercise specialist shall be responsible for consultation with the medical director or the patient's personal physician concerning changes in the exercise therapy, results of graded exercise tests, as needed or anticipated (e.g. regular follow-up intervals, graded exercise test conducted, or medication changes). Feedback concerning changes in the exercise therapy shall be discussed with the patient and documented.
(g) Diabetic patients who are taking insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents for control of diabetes shall have blood sugars monitored for at least the first week of cardiac therapy sessions in order to establish the patient's level of control and subsequent response to exercise. Cardiac rehabilitation staff shall record blood sugar measurements pre- and post-exercise. Patients whose blood sugar values are considered abnormal for the particular patient shall be monitored. A carbohydrate food source or serving shall be available. Snacks shall be available in case of a hypoglycemic response.
History Note: Authority G.S. 131E-169;
Eff. July 1, 2000.